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Abraham: Father of monotheism

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  1. Introduction
  2. The main differences
  3. The Bible's portrayal of Abraham
  4. Sarah's relationship
  5. Abraham and God
  6. The Quran
  7. The most important scene in the Abraham story
  8. The Qisas
  9. Conclusion

The story of Abraham is one of the most important and prominent stories in Islam, Christianity and Judaism. This can be clearly seen by the fact that these three religions are often referred to as the Abrahamic religions. Abraham is often considered the father of the great monotheistic traditions of the world. Abraham is seen as a crucial figure and a prominent patriarch in the story of God's people, the Israelites, and is one of the most important prophets in Islamic tradition. However the mythology and story of Abraham differs in each tradition. In Islam Abraham is seen as a great prophet, and a loyal servant of God.

[...] This would make sense, since Ishmael is considered to be the ancestor of the Arabs and an ancestor of Muhammad, whereas Isaac is considered to be the father of the Israelites. It is also interesting to note that the Qisas side with the Bible on the question of which son was going to be sacrificed. This seems odd and could contribute to why modern scholars consider the Qisas to be ?israiliyat? or Jewish innovation contrary to the true message of Islam. [...]

[...] God was testing his commitment to him, and as a reward he promises that Abraham will be the father of ?descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore? (Gen 22:17). This story is seen as Jews as an example of the level of commitment that God requires. Abraham's willingness to sacrifice what was probably the most valuable thing to him, his son, he showed that his faith in God was unwavering. Christians often see this episode as a sort of foreshadowing of Christ's ultimate fate. [...]

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