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Origin and spread of Christianity

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  1. Introduction
  2. Jews in the Roman Empire
    1. Palestine: a region with a turbulent history
    2. The Jewish history
    3. The division of a nation
  3. Jesus and the Gospel
    1. Life of Jesus
    2. The meaning of the Gospels
    3. The message of Christ
  4. The apostles and the evangelization of the empire
    1. A Jewish religion or a universal religion
    2. An organized community
    3. Spreading the message of Christ
  5. The world of early Christians
    1. The ecclesiastical institutions
    2. Christian rites
    3. City and Christian symbols
  6. The establishment of the Christian Empire
    1. Persecution
    2. The example of the martyrs and the conversion of Constantine
    3. Christianity becomes official religion of the Empire
  7. The triumph of the Roman Church
    1. A state religion against the popular beliefs
    2. Fixation of beliefs: the rise of dogma
    3. The birth of monasticism

This document outlines the history of Christianity and how it was linked with Judaism in its early years and evolved subsequently as an independent religion. Although religious practice has tended to decline today, Christianity, as a religion came into existence in Palestine 2000 years ago and still permeates our very civilization. There were monotheistic religions or religions that followed one God such as Judaism and Islam. Christianity is a fundamental religion to Western civilization and is often called Judeo-Christian. Let us analyze the similarities and differences between Christianity and Judaism and the ways and means by which Christianity, became popular.

[...] They spoke Greek, Latin, Aramaic (language of Jesus) and Hebrew. In Palestine itself, the Jews of Judea despise those of Samaria and Galilee because they were in contact with the goyim or the non-Jews. Within the Jewish sects (communities with particular beliefs, often living on the margins) are numerous sub sects as follows. The Sadducees: they were an aristocratic caste and were moderate, seeking to agree with the Romans. The Baptists: this was a ritual purifying practice in the Jordan. [...]

[...] They called for the spread of non-violence, brotherhood and generosity without limits. The four Gospels and a few other texts which were the "Acts of the Apostles", "Apocalypse" and "Epistles" was the "New Testament". The Old and New Testaments together comprise the Bible. The apostles and the evangelization of the empire A Jewish religion or a universal religion? It is a belief that during the resurrection in Jerusalem, the community of believers was brought together. This community, which still resembled a Jewish sect was quickly rejected and persecuted by other Jews, especially because the Christian message is universal and not restricted to only "chosen people". [...]

[...] Sanhedrin kind of political and religious council composed of Elders and High Priests), practiced their monotheistic religion and were thus exempt from religious Imperialism. The Jewish history The Jews believe in one god, Yahweh. In this they are unique in comparison with other ancient peoples. They believe that their god, the creator of all that exists, is unique, good, fair, all-powerful but also jealous and sometimes terrible. He should not be represented or appointed. Yahweh has made an alliance with the Jews, the people He has chosen from a selected few and gave them the sacred principles of the Act. [...]

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