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The criticism of religion: Marx

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  1. Introduction
  2. The conception of religion
  3. The the history of humanity
  4. The origins of the Marxist critique of religion
    1. Inspiration: The philosophy of Hegel and Feuerbach
    2. The framework of Marxist thought: Methodical materialism
    3. The criticism of religion in the broader context of the critique of ideology
    4. Religion and ideology
  5. The two forms of atheism
    1. The theoretical atheism
    2. Soviet atheism
  6. Religion as a protest
  7. Critical examples
    1. Religion as a support to the capitalist order
    2. The hypocrisy of Christians
  8. Conclusion

Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818. Both his uncle and grandfather were famous rabbis in their city. But in 1817, Marx's father converted to Protestantism. The reason behind this conversion was that there was actually a series of laws unveiled by the new King of Prussia (1816) which made the legal practice illegal for Jews. Karl Marx was hence christened in 1824.He enjoyed the teachings of Baron Ludwig von Westphalen, a friend of Marx's father, whose daughter, Jenny, became his future wife.

[...] To understand the status of religion, we can take the example of atheism as Marx sees it. Marx distinguishes two forms of atheism. First, the theoretical atheism delivers a ruling on the existence in its entirety and claims that it is made so that a thing called "God" can not exist. This form of atheism in Marx's conception is the same as theoretical level as theism; that is to say, it gives the status of a worldview. The Soviet atheism is another example: according to the Soviet design the only thing that is for real is the matter, as conceived by classical physics. [...]


[...] The criticism of religion in the broader context of the critique of ideology In fact the study of religion, which in the earlier works of the young Marx occupies a considerable place. To consider the Marxist conception of religion, we must define the notion of ideology as Marx understands it and highlight the main features of religion, which are precisely based on the concept of ideology. Religion and ideology An ideology, as Mark sees it, is a thought that is conditioned by the material interests of the ruling class. [...]


[...] However, Marx tells us that one of the best known fighters in the movement was Count Shaflesburg, who took possession of the villages, where living conditions were no better than in towns. Therefore, the interpretation that Marx gives of the movement is: it is a battle between two classes of the holding company of various inputs. The philanthropic and Christian ideas which had an aristocratical background had historical and economic perspectives. Marx goes to denounce the Christian socialism, because it would have been triggered by the Church hierarchy. [...]

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