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The end of political Islam

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  1. Introduction
  2. Political Islam vs. traditional Islam- the creation of a common matrix to transcend States
    1. The genealogy of Political Islam
    2. The reformist
    3. The founding fathers
  3. Islamism, a doctrine and a political agenda
    1. Doctrine
    2. Economy
    3. Sociology and the expansion of Islam
  4. Nationalism and fundamentalism or neo excesses of political Islam
    1. The failure of the revolutionary ambition
    2. The nationalization of Islam
    3. Nationalism against the exercise of power
    4. The emergence of radical Islamist movements and terrorism internationally
  5. Conclusion

The twentieth century marked a turning point in the organization of Muslim societies. After the independence that marked the last century (Middle East, Central Asia), a revolutionary stream of Islam came into existence in Egypt and Pakistan leading to the development of utopian Islamism. Therefore, the politicization of Islam (which means submission or surrender) refers to the exercise of determinism in all areas (economic, legal, social, and institutional) by religious leaders.

[...] Sociology and the expansion of Islam Studies show that rulers in the Islamic countries in the 1960's came from the an urban and a modern sociological group. The 1970s saw the emergence of a new generation of Islamists who recruited students thus amassing a large following. Their rise filled the void left by the nationalist or Marxist ideology which was in decline. Islam did not propose a return to the past but a re-appropriation of modernity. However, young Islamists faced archaic political systems in which large families prevailed and were thus deprived of a political future. [...]

[...] While they adhered to the view that Islam should be thought of only as a legal interpretation of the social bond, as in the traditional fundamentalism, they opined that as a political ideology it should encompass all aspects of social life. The objective of these reformists is the total reorganization of society from an Islamic point of view. This vision of Islamic political and social reforms is opposed to the vision of the "Western" and secular nationalism espoused on the eve of independence. [...]

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