Culture and Anarchy' by Matthew Arnold (1869)
- Arnold's own definition of culture, as an entity that, applied to everyone, could save the world from the danger of 'machinery' it is sinking in
- Definition of curiosity, to find a new basis to prove the pertinence of his proper concept of culture
- Criticism of Bentham's philosophy and new proposals in order to change the British conception of culture
Matthew Arnold, in his philosophical essay Culture and Anarchy, published in 1869, expresses his view on culture in which culture could be applied to any society or any group of humans on earth. He wrote it during the time where Bentham's Utilitarianism was the prevailing thought in the industrialized Europe, especially in Great Britain, where the Industrial Revolution had the greatest impact on society.