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Orwell said in an essay titled Why I write : “It is my purpose to fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole.” How far does Orwell achieve this in 1984 ?

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  1. Introduction
  2. The main characters of 1984
  3. The most political aspects of the book
  4. The destruction of the links between people
  5. Orwell's greatest achievement
  6. Conclusion
  7. Bibliography

Let us remember that, at the end of 1936, Orwell fought for the Republicans (against Franco) in Spain, where he was wounded. We know that Orwell's 1984 (published in 1949) was given this title because the novel was written in 1948, just after the end of the Second World War and the fall of Hitler's Nazi regime. At that time, Stalin's U.S.S.R. still deported the enemies of the Party to gulags and the Cold War between this country and the United States of America had just begun. U.S.S.R would remain the most totalitarian regime till Stalin's death in 1953.

As Orwell said, ?every line of serious work that [he has] written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism'.
Considering those facts, how could we doubt that Orwell's novel 1984 ? as well as his previous political allegory Animal Farm ? is both a literary masterpiece and a treatise on politics and totalitarianism?

[...] The use of the phrase ?Ninth Three-Year Plan' reminds us of Stalin's economic planning, the character of ?Comrade Ogilvy, who had ?died in battle in heroic circumstances' looks like the Stalinist hero Stakhanov and the use of the words ?great purges' is also historically and politically significant. Orwell insists on the political notion of ?collectivism', including the fact that individual does not exist any more except by the group, as is shown through the descriptions of community hikes and through the enlistment into diverse organisms (such as the ?Junior Anti-Sex League'). [...]


[...] There is an emotional need to believe in the ultimate victory of Big Brother; but, in becoming continuous, war has even ceased to exist. The continuity of the war guarantees the permanence of the current order: in other words, is Peace' (which is one of the three slogans of the Party). The idea of a society that can only be hierarchical, including the fact that the three main strata Upper, the Middle and the Lower' are constantly fighting against each other, which is developed throughout Goldstein's ?THEORY AND PRACTICE OF OLIGARCHICAL COLLECTIVISM', undoubtedly remains us of Marx's theory of class warfare (according to which the proletarians were irreconcilable with the bourgeoisie). [...]

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