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Argentina and Eva Perón

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  1. Introduction
  2. Analysis of argentina
  3. Latin American Populism
  4. Argentina before Peron
  5. Perón as president
  6. Brief conclusion of peronism

By analyzing populism in Latin America, we always come across charismatic presidents who conquered their constituents mainly by the ability to attract them with their acts demagogic and give them the idea that all they were making had been given and not a right to truth.

The history of Argentina differs from the others by the same token, it maybe in a few times in history we see that a woman could be more charismatic than her husband and take a more direct happiness to the people, regardless of who was paying for everything. Eva Perón never worried about the economic plans formulated by the team of her husband, directly helped each of his shirtless. No doubt that this happiness had his days, even the people do not know that, every gift, every donation, every basket, everything had its price and they were indirectly paying for it.

Eva was a loved and hated figure to the extreme, of all populist presidents none had a wife like her, who could speak the language of the poor, perhaps because it was one of them, the way you act was copied by thousands of Argentine and when she died many wept like a member of your family.

[...] On becoming president, his policy became even more focused on trade unions and their relationship with the state (Viana, 1973). The centralization of power was already felt by all, and authoritarianism also the Labor Party by which Perón was elected was dissolved and founded the Peronist Party, which was divided into three: Ala Male, Female Wing, Union Ala (CGT). Investigations against judges were opened that were never great fans, for questioning the constitutionality of the scheme, the University anti- Peronist focus also suffered interventions, layoffs, forced resignations, and the creation of an official student unit that opposed the University Federation There was a concern for the reformulation of the Constitution were changed and some articles that have caused controversy, not only in the Assembly but also to the population, one of them was stated that all minerals, waterfalls water, oil fields, gas and natural sources energy and utilities belong to the State and can not be granted for the operation; the other ensured the possibility of re-election of the president, a fact that was not allowed by the former Constitution (VIANA, 1973) President Again According to Viana (1973), Perón begins its new term in 1951, everything had changed radically and Argentina was no longer as before, the post-war currency had been exhausted due to nationalization most foreign companies have given up invest there. [...]

[...] The repression against the opposition occurred in the worst possible way, not only in Congress but also outside it, everything was muted until July 1955 by the radio stations opposition demonstrations were not transmitted and Perón was used much of the medium to pass your message to the people. Newspapers and magazines were closed, some had decreased circulation or size of issues. Many who helped Perón were falling slowly: José Figuerola (experienced in Social Law), worked alongside Peron in Secretary of Labor, was the first to fall, perhaps at the suggestion of Evita; Sunday Merchant ex. [...]

[...] In Argentina, the coup overthrows Yrigoyen, who was conservative and allowed exporting oligarchies remained in power until no longer resist political and economic crisis that had settled, opening the gap required for Perón with an extremely focused speech for classes popular could assume power with a large margin of votes than the other candidate. In Mexico, the situation was somewhat different, with the end of the Revolution (which determined the end of the agrarian oligarchy), the bourgeoisie had settled in power and after 1930 there was no coup that changed the regime, when Cardenas took over, he would "save Mexico's post- crisis 1929 and did not break the existing structures. [...]

[...] Any position or rebellion was severely punished. Ministers should control their subordinates, not that there was a good performance, but against insubordination. The military had a horror of Evita, did not accept the power she had at hand and often in the military denominated in the whore, she realized that the military was a great danger to the power of Perón and it would take them tell the as soon as possible Brief Conclusion of Peronism The end of the presidency of Perón and the seizure of power by the military, through another coup on 20 September, exiling him in Paraguay, in any way determined the end of Peronism as a political system, however bad it was Juan Domingo Perón became a myth along with his wife Eva and myths can in no way represent his failure to the people. [...]

[...] During his government were nationalized several services: railways, transport companies, electric companies, telephone services, creating air fleet (Aerolíneas Argentinas), State Gas Company. For all these occurred nationalization was necessary to pay high severance payments, all spent with the other currencies of the war. Also in 1947, we see that approximately 32% had been spent that way. In relation to labor laws is observed that the unions now have greater security, the holidays were paid severance pay, guaranteed retirement and the Foundation Eva Perón (will later talked about it). [...]

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