The Romanticism or Romantic Period began in Germany spread to England and France, where it arrived in the U.S at around 1820. The Romantics underrated the significance of individual's expressive art, as well as, that of the society. Romanticism fosters nature's rewards, values emotion more than intellect and imagination more than reason.
The literature of Romanticism has remained firm regardless of other literature genres like poetry, novels, art and music (Pakditawan 6). The 1860 to 1900 period, for the United States refers to the Realism Age. The period received the name because the authors who wrote novels represented it in realistic ways. The Romantic Movement occurred in the United States from 1770 until 1860. Romantic artists valued intuition and imagination as compared to a calculation or reason. The article discusses the main influences, characteristics and themes in the Romantic Period in the United States of America.
The period relates to other styles because it began in Germany where several publications were made and emerged numerous idealist philosophers. The Romanticism in the U.S overlaps with the culture period referred to as "Victorian," which occurred from 1830 to 1880 (Pennell 183).
[...] Nature as the origin of spirituality: the Puritans came to Colonies because they feared religious persecution (Mazzeo & Tilar 187). Romantics used to embrace the spiritual roots introduced by the Puritans. The past as a source of wisdom: Washington was a writer who created new stories using old legends. Searching for heroic characteristics of an ordinary man: flawed characters whose strong morals and innocence grant them great hearts. Work cited Horn, Jessica. Edgar Allan Poe's Short Story "ligeia" As a Text of the Romantic Period: Amerikanische Literaturwissenschaften. München: GRIN Verlag GmbH Internet resource. [...]
[...] Literary themes: there were several recurring themes during the period of Romanticisms in the USA. The themes related to the past criticism and evocation, which emphasized on children and women, pure nature, wilder nature, respect in relation to the latest, and the narrator's/artist's heroic isolation (Pakditawan 6). Nationalism and Nature are the major themes that recurred in the literature of the Romantic period. The words of Johann Wolfgang resulted to the fame of Nationalism theme in Germany. The writings came up during the time whereby Germany was picking its peaces broken after World War 2. [...]
[...] Mazzeo, Tilar J. Plagiarism and Literary Property in the Romantic Period. Philadelphia, Pa: University of Pennsylvania Press Print. Pakditawan, S. Aspects of American romanticism in short stories by Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne. München: GRIN Verlag GmbH Print. Pennell, M. M. F. Masterpieces of American romantic literature. Westport: Greenwood press Print. [...]
[...] Influences: the United States of America Romanticism were influenced by several conditions. A continent like Europe did not have elements such as freedom, growth and expansion, but Frontier gave America hope of receiving all of those elements. New perspectives and cultures were brought about by imagination. During the period of Romanticism there was the character of optimism whereby it was contributed by the assurance of unchartered frontiers. In addition, the urge of getting new roots for individuals was another condition that influenced Romanticism in America. [...]
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