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  1. Introduction
  2. Review
  3. Conclusion

Saint Joan of Arc, the 'Maid of Orleans' (Orleans -a French city) is considered a national heroine of France. She was also a Catholic Saint. Joan was a peasant girl born in eastern France at Domrémy, just next to the Loraine, who claimed divine guidance. She said she could hear God speaking to her; she was investigated by a mission. She led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years' War (1335 to 1453) which paved the way for the coronation of Charles VII. The Hundred Year War was fought between France and England. Both countries were trying to win the French throne. Both Henry VIII in England and Charles VIII in France were legitimate to become the next king of France. So this long fight was about winning France. The English army was based in France in the North part of the country. Charles VIII was hiding next to the Loire, away from the conflict. One of the Joan of Arc exploits was the siege of the English of Orléans.

This city was strategic for the English and its loss was a huge loss for them. We have to understand the importance of this victory for France which had been ineffective until the arrival of Joan. Thanks to Joan, the English started to back down.

She was captured by the Burgundians during a battle. The Duke of Burgundians had a deal with English and they sold her to the enemy. She was tried by an ecclesiastical court and burned at the stake when she was 19 years old in May 1431. 25 years after the execution, Pope Callixtus III examined the trial, pronounced her innocent and declared her a martyr. She was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920.

[...] She has been burn on May 30th The English wanted that absolutely nothing stay after her death because they didn't want any relics, nothing that can continue to make the symbol of Joan of Arc. When everything had burned, her heart and her lungs were stayed intact. Most spectators would see a miracle, a sign of God. Scientist explains that today because the moisture content in the heart prevents this one to burn as fast as the rest of the body. [...]

[...] Joan of arc has the education of a normal young woman, with a normal wife destiny. But she didn't want to enter in the mold. She didn't want to stay at home and be a perfect wife. She had been engaged by her parents but she broke this engagement. This is something really rare. It reminds us Dona Beatriz who refused to enter in a mold too. She tried to follow this way but she failed. She wasn't made for this life. [...]

[...] We will in a first time, study in details who was Joan of Arc, and then we will try to understand why some people thought Joan of Arc was a witch, and why some others thought the opposite. But let start to understand who Joan of Arc was. Joan of Arc was calling herself Maid?. According to Olivier Bouzy, a French historian, Joan of Arc was really pious. She lived in the little town called Domrémy, just next to a church. [...]

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