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John Marshall and Mercy Otis Warren

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  1. Introduction
  2. Benedict Arnold's character
  3. Arnold's cowardliness
  4. Act of treason at West Point
  5. Andre's role in the case
  6. Warren's reason for emphasizing Andre's
  7. Warren's use of money as a corrupting agent
  8. Reinforcing the point of concentrated power
  9. Washington's role as savior of the United States
  10. Canadian campaign
  11. The battle over Arnold's financial situation
  12. Strength of principle and correctness of judgment
  13. The 1832 version
  14. The final description of Arnold's treason
  15. Arnold's black character
  16. Conclusion
  17. Bibliography

Though John Marshall and Mercy Otis Warren shared little ideological ground when it came to politics, they did come together in their respective revolutionary histories to condemn the treason of Benedict Arnold. During the war, the treason stirred up a good deal of emotionalism; the United States' military position was so precarious that the loss of the strategically positioned West Point would have caused our defeat. Marshall and Warren, as historians, do their best to try and capture the public fear and uncertainty Arnold's betrayal had created. It is not the similarities but rather the disparities between these two historical characterizations of Benedict Arnold and his trial that allows us to see the political and moral agendas that serve as the engines for these two historians.

Mercy Otis Warren's History of the Rise, Progress and Termination of the American Revolution is written in a dramatic, character-driven style that reflects Warren's other work as a playwright and historian. Warren was drawn to dynamic characters, and indeed sometimes treated the war itself as a character with its own journey, trials, and weakness. Warren takes every opportunity of telling these character stories in front of the backdrop of her democratic, anti-federalist leanings.

[...] Thus while Benedict Arnold represented no other interests but his own, Warren and Marshall have elected him as a representative for both of their individual political philosophies. Bibliography 1. Warren, Mercy Otis. History of the Rise, Progress and Termination of the American Revolution. Vol Ed. Lester H. Cohen. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund vols Tubbs, Brian. "The Story of Benedict Arnold - Part One." Suite 101. http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/us_founding_era/38668/ Warren, Mercy Otis. ?History of the American Revolution by Mercy Warrens, v.1.? The Rise, Progress and Termination of the American Revolution Interspersed with Biographical, Political, and Moral Observations. [...]


[...] (Introduction to the Work of Mercy Otis Warren death of General Montgomery decided the fate of the day, though Colonel Arnold and his party with great bravery kept up the attack. Nor did they quit the field until after Arnold was obliged to retire, having received a dangerous wound. Notwithstanding this accident, added to the unspeakable loss of their brave commander, this small resolute party kept their ground, until galled on every side, attacked in the rear, and their retreat cut off by a British party who found means to secure a passage that prevented even the attempt, yet they kept up an obstinate defense for several hours, but at last were obliged to surrender themselves prisoners of war.? (Warren, Mercy Otis ?History of the American Revolution by Mercy Warrens, v.1. [...]


[...] In his eulogy to George Washington in front of the House Of Representatives, John Marshall said: ?More than any other individual, and as much as to any one individual was possible, has he contributed to found this, our wide-spreading empire, and to give the Western world its independence and freedom.?[?] Washington is given the distinction of being the most important figure of the war, the creator of the United States. Benedict Arnold becomes something more than Warren's greedy man?he becomes a fallen disciple, a betrayer of the creator and thus, the betrayer of America herself. [...]

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