The aim of this paper is to assess whether or not the EU is efficient in its attempt to build a security community with its neighbors through the implementation of the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP).
In order to do so, I will first demonstrate that the EU and its neighbors share, to a certain extent, common security concerns. I will then analyze how the ENP can be considered as an initiative aimed to answer to those common security concerns. Finally, we will determine to what extent this initiative can be considered as successful.
[...] Lynch, Dov, New Eastern Dimension of the Enlarged EU' in Judy Batt et al., Partners and Neighbours: A CFSP for a Wider Europe, Chaillot Papers, Institute for Security Studies, No pp.34-59, retrieved 04/03/2010, http://www.cespi.it/STOCCHIERO/Ascod-Adriatico/chai64e.pdf. Ruben Zaiotti, Friends and Fences: Europe's Neighbourhood Policy and the 'Gated Community Syndrome', Journal of European Integration, Volume 29, Issue May pp. 143-162. Fabrizio Tassinari, ‘Security and Integration in the EU Neighbourhood, The Case for Regionalism', CEPS Working Document, No July 2005, retrieved 03/04/2010, http://www.ceps.eu/node/1098. Tusicisny, Andrej, ‘Security Communities and Their Values: Taking Masses Seriously', International Political Science Review, Vol pp. [...]
[...] The asymmetric nature of this relation, both in terms of relative power and in terms of the respective expectation of the outcomes of this policy, raises some concern about the effectiveness of the EU attempt to create a security community with its neighbors in order to regulate security externalities. One could argue that, in this context, the EU may have been overconfident in its ‘transformative capabilities' in its neighborhood. Indeed, according to Lynch, the EU focuses too much on tactics (i.e. [...]
[...] Considering the aforementioned security interdependence between the EU and its neighbors, the ENP initiative can be therefore considered, on a conceptual level, as an attempt to create a ‘security community' in order to regulate the security externalities shared within a security complex. Similarly, Whichmann stated that the ENP's purpose is to territorialize' the management of ‘threats' to the neighboring countries” Is the ENP as successful ‘security community' imitative? It will be argued below that the ENP is not a successful ‘security community' initiative because of several factors. [...]
[...] Morgan Regional Orders: Building Security in a New World, University Park, The Pennsylvania State University Press pp.45-67, p.49 European Commission, Communication from the Commission, Wider Europe Neighborhood : A new Framework for Relations with our Eastern and Southern Neighbours, COM(2003)104 final, Brussels,11 march 2003,p.3 Bary Buzan, People, States and Fear: The National Security Problem in International Relations, Brighton, Wheatsheaf p.190. Thierry Balzacq, politique européenne de voisinage, un complexe de sécurité à géométrie variable', Cultures & Conflits, été 2007, pp. 31- 59, p.38. [...]
[...] The challenge for the EU is to find the right balance between those two logics in order to satisfy its need for short-term security requirement and the inclusive dimension needed to build stability through the establishment of a security community with its neighbors. Bibliography Adler, Emmanuel & Michael Barnett, Security Communities, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press Balzacq, Thierry, politique européenne de voisinage, un complexe de sécurité à géométrie variable', Cultures & Conflits, été 2007. Baracani, Elena, ‘From the EMP to the ENP: A new European pressure for democratization ? [...]
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