The process of universalization is essential for all, whether it is appreciated or not, whether one thinks to be profited by it or as a victim of it. But the globalization of the economy is not enough to summarize the world of ours: however, other processes coexist thus making this issue more complex. Both the dimensions are taken into account: local and regional. However, men still continues to differentiate themselves by their culture, which is not readily solvable for globalization at the universal level. Environmental issues remind us that we live on one earth, which knows no borders.
What criteria can define a different world than the one shaped by the globalization of the economy? People, who are working to expose global inequality and the general pattern of development by anti-globalization, defend the idea that a new world is possible by globalization. This anti-globalization movement draws its union in protest of how globalization is called as 'liberal', that is to say, governed by the mechanisms of market economy in general and more particularly by lowering of tariffs ? As represented by the WTO.
Most anti-globalization movement establish a causal link between the development of international trade that would ensure the triumph of the savings which is already dominant and the marginalization of regions and countries that are most vulnerable, mostly African regions. For this reason, the WTO summits have become an issue of both practical and symbolic in the struggle against liberal world as it is responsible for the strengthening of uneven development.
Since the early 1970s, scientists have gradually taken a series of alarm bells: risk of global warming due to increasing greenhouse effect due to the discharge of carbon into the atmosphere, risks desertification on the margins of deserts as a result of uncontrolled exploitation of fragile soils, clearing of tropical forests without caution, risk of depletion of nonrenewable resources on which the levies are rising (oil first).
In 1971, the work of the Club of Rome had drawn attention to the discrepancy between the finiteness of global resources and the intensity of which increased levies from year to year.
• The novelty of the reasoning lies in the approach to global environmental problems with, in particular, the organization of international meetings to mobilize: the Stockholm Conference (1972), organized by the United Nations, was the first international act of mobilization on issues of development and environment in the world with, result in the launch of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Since the "Earth Summit" is regularly repeated.
2) The concept of "sustainable development"
• Our world is no shortage of food or goods for all men in the world, especially missing a less unequal distribution of resources. In addition, production should be more concerned about human conditions of its impact on the terrestrial ecosystem. These are the findings that are the source of the theme of "sustainable development", "Sustainable development is development that meets present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs," said in 1987, the Brundtland Report.
Tags: Environmental issues, anti-globalization, uneven development, sustainable development
[...] The shifting weight of the great religions • Some religions are localized in one region of the world, such as Buddhism or Hinduism. • Others span several continents: in the case of the monotheistic religions: Judaism, with small numbers (about 13 million people) to Christianity (with over 1.8 billion people), which is distributed in three churches organized and competing differently: Catholicism (900 million), Protestantism and orthodoxy. Islam, itself is divided between Sunnis and Shiites (Iran), is the religion of a billion people, mainly distributed in an area stretching from North Africa to Indonesia. [...]
[...] The settlement body deals with conflicts between different member countries. II) The statement of "sustainable development" The rise of the consciousness • Since the early 1970s, scientists have gradually taken a series of alarm bells: risk of global warming due to increasing greenhouse effect due to releases of carbon into the atmosphere that risks desertification at the margins of deserts as a result of uncontrolled operations of fragile soils, deforestation of tropical forests without precaution, risk of depletion of nonrenewable resources on which the levies are increasing (primarily hydrocarbons).By 1971, the Club of Rome had drawn attention to the discrepancy between the finite world resources and the intensity of samples which were increasing every year. [...]
[...] The global justice movement: logic of organization of global space From what criteria can a different world be defined than the one shaped by the globalization of the economy? The globalization process is required, we like it or not, we will think of the beneficiary or victim. But the globalization of the economy is not enough to summarize the world of ours: other processes coexist, making the issue more complex. Two dimensions are also taken into account: local and regional, men continue to differentiate themselves by their culture, which is not readily soluble in globalization; at global, environmental issues remind that we live on one Earth, which knows no borders. [...]
[...] Thus spoke one of a rice civilization (in Southeast Asia) or of industrial civilization (as one of the original features of Western civilization). • In the 1990s the context of a post-communist world has been a renewal of the inclusion of religion in defining areas of civilization, like the American S. Huntington, who are eight civilizations, mainly based on the dominant religion. This has been criticized for this geopolitical vision of being very simplistic (but the others are just as important) and made a decisive role to religion, including in regions of the world where states and civil society take care not to define in relation to religion, which is the responsibility of the individual. [...]
[...] Brundtland Report: published in 1987 by the World Commission on Environment and Development, the Brundtland Report was named with the name of the chairman of the Committee, the Norwegian Gro Harlem Brundtland. This report sets out the policy needed to achieve a "sustainable development". III) The areas of civilization What is an area of civilization? • The word "civilization" - a neologism - emerged in France in XVIll century to distinguish a higher state of society in opposition to savagery: what is "civilized" Etair, therefore the opposite of what was barbarous. The use of the singular also meant that one was a civilization worthy of European society. [...]
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