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Anti-Pollution and air/water quality in Canada

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  1. Issue and present policy.
  2. Background.
  3. Stakeholders.
  4. Options.
  5. Recommendation.
  6. Implementation issues.
  7. Key messages.
  8. Bibliography.

The object of this brief note is an environmental issue. It concerns the anti-pollution policy and the means to improve air and water quality in Canada.
Indeed, this problem touches the entire Canadian population. Here, there is no discrimination concerning class, gender or race: everyone is concerned by the quality of their environment. Undoubtedly, the problem of pollution does affect the society and the individuals. It has a bad impact on their daily life and their quality of living. In the short term, pollution is synonymous with small inconveniences that everybody has already experienced such as respiratory problems. But it can also be more serious: for example asthmatic people can die because of pollution. Air pollution is responsible for 5900 deaths every year in Canada.

[...] But it is time for Canada to get involved in the pollution problem. The country is not forced to follow the US trend, it could be one of the leaders of a new international movement in favour of sustainable development, a notion emphasised by Stat Can. Moreover, Canada has already showed how significant the environment was for it by implementing several measures at the national level. In 1999, there was the Canadian Environment Protection Act to prevent pollution. Of course, it would be too long to describe all these measures but we can focus on the two main ones: the Clean Air agenda and the Clear Water one. [...]

[...] Background Many policies have already been implemented in the domain of pollution, air and water quality. At the international level, the Montreal Protocol was signed in 1987 in our own country in order to solve the problem of the hole in the ozone layer. More recently and with a wider impact, the Kyoto Protocol (1997) was signed. It aims at taking measures in order to face the global warming, notably to control the greenhouse gas emissions. At that point, Canada agreed to reduce its emissions of 6 percent. [...]

[...] The difficulty consists in the lack of short and medium term objectives. It makes the problem less concrete: we only see meaningless figures to reach in several years. So the minister should fix year to year or even month to month goals to reach, for example in the domain of greenhouse gas emission. A sort of commission should also be formed to study this. It would have a national character and would gather people to represent the federal state, the provinces, the industry, the citizens and the concerned NGO's and organizations. [...]

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