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Climate change and green house gas emissions: issues and challenges in India

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  1. Abstract
  2. Introduction
  3. Green house gas emissions
  4. Climate change and its effects
    1. Impact on weather
    2. Impact on water resources
    3. Impact on agriculture
    4. Impact on public health
  5. Reduction strategies
  6. Enhanced actions on mitigation
  7. Carbon trading
  8. Carbon capture and storage
  9. Conclusion
  10. References

Green house gas (GHG) emission is a matter of grave concern across the world. The adverse impacts happen mainly in the form of climate change and global warming. Immediate steps are required to cut the emissions. India is the fourth largest emitter of GHG in the world in absolute terms. Being a developing country India does not have any immediate responsibility or commitments for reducing the emissions. However, pressure is increasing on India and other emerging economies such as China and Brazil. This paper discusses the impact of green house gas emissions and the strategies taken to reduce the emissions. According to India's National action plan on climate change, India has the plan to harness more renewable energy rather than adopting more stringent emission targets. Carbon trading is considered as an emerging business opportunity by global commerce. India's environmental industry is growing fast and it is estimated that it will grow from current $1billion to $20 billion by 2020.

[...] The climate change and the resulting temperature increase causes increase in mosquito population. Countries that are situated at higher elevations are also having malaria cases. Infectious diseases are increased even due to higher frequency of floods. For managing water borne diseases in India, Indian Government is spending more than Rs 450 billion per year (Business Standard December 2006 quoted in TERI Newswire 1-15 December 2006). Reduction Strategies Fossil fuel contributes more than 80 percent of the power demand in the world. [...]

[...] Indian, Thailand and Chinese Governments were enforcing pollution control laws, hiking budgets for environmental protection and the judiciaries are taking tougher stances. Firms which recognize environmental based product differentiation will gain from green investments. (TERI Newswire 1-15 December 2006). Carbon Capture and Storage Climate change is one of the most serious global issues in the world. It is not possible to halt the emissions due to the burning of fossil fuels and its usage in power plants, automobiles and factories. [...]

[...] Hence, efforts to reduce energy use and improving energy efficiency in building provide significant result to fight against global warming. It is estimated that green buildings reduce carbon dioxide emissions at 1.8 to billion tones. Indian companies are having very good business opportunities in green buildings (Financial Express December, 2008). The developed countries of the North have initiated the reduction of emissions. Table 1 show that there is significant reduction in Europe and Central Asia from 1990 to 2000. Being a developing country, there is no immediate commitments for India, to reduce the green house gases. [...]

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