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  1. Since the industrial revolution, ocean pH has gone down by 0.1 units.
  2. Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are already 30 percent higher.
  3. Atmospheric release of CO2 from the burning of fossil fuels.
  4. Southern Ocean surface waters will begin to become under saturated with respect to aragonite.
  5. The Effect of Acidification in the Pacific Region.
  6. At much worse scenario is when the islands coastline slowly recede.

Recently, global warming has gained massive attention due to the documentary An Inconvenient Truth presented by former Vice-President of the United States Al Gore. In relation to that, the National Academy of Sciences reported that ?gases are accumulating in Earth's atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise". However, there is another pressing issue in corollary with global warming that must be attended to by world leaders ? increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide resulting to ocean acidification. Sponberg expressed his disturbing concern for the issue:

[...] ?National Academy of Sciences Committee on the Science of Climate Change, Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Key Questions.? Washington: National Academy Press Bruno, John F., Selig E . Regional Decline of Coral Cover in the Indo- Pacific: Timing, Extent, and Subregional Comparisons Calderia, K., and M. E. Wickett, M.E. (2003) Anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH. Nature 425. 365- 365. Donney, Scott. Dangers of Ocean Acidification.? 29 November 2006. Retrieved at [http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=the-dangers-of-ocean- acid&colID=1] Donney, Scott, Naomi Levine. Long Can the Ocean Slow [...]


[...] We recommend that a major, internationally coordinated effort be launched to include global monitoring, experimental, mesocosm and field studies . The impacts of ocean acidification are additional to, and may exacerbate, the effects of climate change. For this reason, the necessary funding should be additional and must not be diverted from research into climate change. We are all involved in this. We are part of the problem and must become part of the solution as well. WORKS CITED Author Unavailable. [...]


[...] Ocean acidification begins with the absorption of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere due to anthropogenic activities mentioned earlier. As time goes by, the carbon dioxide upon being absorbed by the ocean consequently lowers the ph level resulting to higher acidity content. Although this has been happening for centuries, only few scientists saw the need to attend to this current problem. In an article on The Dangers of Ocean Acidification by Scientific American digital, it reported that as early as 1956, two geochemists named Roger Revelle and Hans Seuss (from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in California) pointed the need to measure carbon dioxide content in the air. [...]

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