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What is the future of the car without fossil energies?

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  1. Introduction
  2. The reasons for the Irish "no"
    1. The context of the referendum
    2. The reasons for the rejection
  3. The ways out of the crisis
    1. How did the crisis happen?
    2. What to do now?

Since the early twenty-first century, one of the biggest concerns of people, industrialists and politicians in developed countries, called the "North", is probably global warming. To fight against this irreversible phenomenon, it is essential that everyone limit their own emissions of greenhouse gas emissions. However, currently, the sector is the most polluting, and is most concerned with the automobile. It is often pointed at for many releases of harmful gases and greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide (CO2). A French citizen rejects nearly 1.75 tons of carbon dioxide. An American rejects nearly 5.1 tons. At the same time, cars are facing another problem: fossil fuels. Indeed, they caused this environmental problem, but financially it affected the entire world population. The price of fuels shot up on July 4, 2008, and the price of a barrel of oil (158.98 liters) beat a record, at $ 144.09. This rise is due to the increasing number of motorists worldwide, particularly in developing countries. In China, over 450 000 new cars are sold per month. Now, beyond an environmental problem, there is a need for alternate source of energy. Individuals wished to win in the long term by using cheaper fuel, and in the short term, by taking advantage of aid such offered by the French state. Through a system of Bonus-Malus, the state encouraged them to buy less polluting cars, by offering a premium to the purchase, financed by a penalty to the vehicles that are very unlike pollutants. As for manufacturers, they used this "fad" to create and sell templates of so-called environmentalists. Automotive brands developed eco-friendly concepts and maintained their image, as did Toyota with its Prius, the first gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle to be entered on the market, or BMW, which uses its research on engines in hydrogen in its latest advertising campaigns. But so far, none of the solutions proposed by engineers with the means currently seems to be really ideal. We can then question the future of the automobile without fossil fuels.

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