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"Turkish stake": by Didier Billion

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  1. Introduction
  2. The reasons for the Irish "no"
    1. The context of the referendum
    2. The reasons for the rejection
  3. The ways out of the crisis
    1. How did the crisis happen?
    2. What to do now?

Turkey is a candidate for European Union (EU) since 1963, a formal application made by the Helsinki European Council of 1999, and raises important questions both technical and useful as mindless and passionate reactions. In his book "The issue of Turkey," Didier Billion, a researcher at IRIS whose reputation is well established, as a specialist in contemporary Turkey, and provides the answers to various questions of a political, economic, geographical, cultural, religious, demographic and historical importance of this state, to clarify the debate over Turkey joining the one hand, but also provide a better understanding of what the European Union.

Many politicians seem to be positioned against a Turkish membership in the EU, highlighting the aspect of "Catholic" of it, especially since the public refusal of the former Head of State, Valery Giscard d 'Estaing in Le Monde in November 2002. This reaction left over from passionate to strong criticism and even worse to diatribes. In 2005, forty-three UMP deputies signed an open letter to Jacques Chirac to assert "a sincere dislike" about the entry of Turkey into the EU.

Equally, the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), who suffered under Stalin and the Cold War, whose entry into the EU, are particularly justified by a "debt" by it to the CEEC's, why express such reluctance when it comes to Turkey, a member of the Organization of the North Atlantic Treaty (NATO) since 1952, including the political and geographical position has been very helpful to contain the 'Soviet expansion?

To hear some reluctance of some politicians argued, pointing to the fact that Turkey should not join the EU because its population is Muslim (in front of a Judeo-Christian Europe?), Although not knowing nothing "is plural diverse reality of Islam" in Turkey and also despised secular values enshrined in the constitution of 1980, it's a serious discussion that turns to xenophobia based on a misunderstanding patent, which uses before an argument about the private aspect of the individual to justify social issues, knowing that joining or not is a highly political issue and not religious, the EU itself based on a political project whose contours remain often unclear.

Tags: Turkey; integration into the European Union; "The issue of Turkey," by Didier Billion; Turkey a member of NATO;

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