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Europe - space, territory, culture, population and economy

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documents in English
course material
41 pages
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  1. The impact on growth in the euro area
    1. An economic slowdown
    2. Employment
  2. Possible solutions
    1. A decline in interest rates
    2. A redefinition of the role of the ECB

The European continent is a continent on which the events (in the historical sense) are full with geography and where the spaces are saturated with history. It has both a long history in the Mediterranean, dating from the Roman Empire and which gives such an important role to cities, not to mention the role of the states that constitute the modern era, and a short history: the the immediate post-war, with the scars of battle (just closed for the Balkan Europe) as well as the end of Soviet domination over Central and Eastern Europe. The modern geography was constituted in Europe. Indeed, Europe is not a neutral geographical object. We all have a familiarity with this geographical object. There are practices in Europe, tourism is one. These practices of Europe have open views, following the fall of the Iron Curtain, a displacement of field, which was, at least in part, difficult to access. The word 'Europe' comes from 'Erebus' (country of sun, that is to say the West). This Europe takes form with Rome, founded in the myth by the conquered Troy. It is partly for this reason that Rome was selected in 1957 to the union treaty by the six founding countries of the European Union. The foundation of Europe is marked by Strabo (first geographer of the Roman Empire). But it is from Charlemagne that Europe takes its continent and northern Europe. At the same time, it takes on a dominant religion (Christianity) that will begin to be secularized during the Renaissance. The formation of the States, as from the modern era, will tend to undermine the economic and territorial homogeneity. Considering Russia and European Turkey, the number of Europeans rises to 700 million, with an average density of 68 inhabitants / km ². Without Russia in Europe, there will be 500 million inhabitants and a density of 100 inhabitants / km ². And if we take only the 15 states of the European Union, we obtain a population of 370 million people, with a density of 120 inhabitants / km ². The concept of settlement is a geographical concept in both fundamental (because it considers the actual humans in their relationship to space. The density is an approach to regionalization, it is the way a company moves into a space, occupies it) and on the economic and social context. For example, a value such as 50 inhabitants / km ² will not have the same value when one is in southern Paris basin equipped and when a campaign is in Romanian with a basic road network. The gross density per state is to be compared with the level of equipment. Europe is one of the four former homes of the world population (with Chinese, Indian hearths and hearth of the Middle East). Therefore, there is a complex geography of settlement resulting from ancient heritages. Europe is the smallest continent and more politically divided. This reflects the political game which, in two centuries, divided the territory considerably. The triumph of the nation states began in the 19th century. At the end of the twentieth century, the disappearance of the Soviet bloc has revived the process of division of territories. To this we must add the regional and departmental meshes. As for the division into communes, it is peculiar to France.

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