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Analyse of the European Union (EU) common Strategy on Weapons of Mass Destruction

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  1. The objectives of the European Strategy are the results of a mix between global considerations and structural imperatives
    1. If the European Strategy promotes clearly WMD non proliferation?
    2. Objectives depend also with the European singularity
  2. The European Strategy promotes a fight against WMD based on the 'European Way' characterized by multilateralism, international cooperation, 'After-sales services' and administrative divisions
    1. The European Strategy is based on the universalization and the respect of the international treaties
    2. The European Strategy promotes the 'after-sales services?
  3. The European Strategy under a critical angle: between limited successes and insufficiencies
    1. The European Strategy is efficient to conclude agreements?
    2. But it must prove that it is able to making them respect
    3. An incomplete strategy: some regrettable neglect

While globalization makes trade easier, it also makes illegal trafficking easier. As a global trade power, the EU has to against the limiting negative effects of liberalization, especially in the WMD domain. The question we must answer at the outset is: what are Weapons of Mass Destructions? Though the concept seems fuzzy, the WMD are, in actuality, are clearly defined. WMD include nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. While on the one hand, these weapons do not necessarily cause mass destruction, especially in the chemical domain; on the other, massive harm can be caused by others means (radiological weapons?). On the global scene, WMD control has become a paradigm. Though a majority of states have limited their arsenal, some small countries have continued to develop a proliferation program, and supra national countries are seeing an increase of such arms. What is the EU Strategy to deal with this threat? The European agreements on WMD are not recent; but they have never been so ambitious.

[...] The main functions of this Personal Representative are to co-ordinate synergies of politic actors and develop coherently the EU Strategy on WMD. Every 6 months, the implementation of the EU Strategy is discussed by the External Relations Council. Indeed, the issues of the WMD destruction are fundamental: the policy impacts must be followed regularly. The European Strategy is a typical European policy. It is deeply implanted in the heritage of the European Multilateralism. The European Strategy is based on diplomatic, lawful and legal methods that are to say on democratic measures. [...]

[...] Whereas the European Security Approach considers a variety of security challenges, the USA more inclined to see more specific challenges based on recent history? according to Simon DUKE. For example, we can read in the introduction of the ?National Strategy to combat that U.S. approach to combat WMD represents a fundamental change from the past?. The American point of view is stared on the post 9/11 period whereas the European Strategy plans to be universal and timeless. The EU is clearly opposed to the proliferation of WMD. But what are the instruments used by the EU to achieve this policy? [...]

[...] The success of the Strategy will depend above all on the motivation of the European politicians to fight against non- proliferation. To be credible, the EU must be able to suspend a bilateral treaty if a country transgresses the non-proliferation clause. And to be efficient, the EU must be credible. Bibliography: Articles: Duke Simon, The ESS in a comparative Framework; Does it make for secure alliances in a Better World? 2004. J-P Zanders and Kathryn Nixdorff, Enforcing non-proliferation. The European Union and the 2006 BTWC Review Conference. [...]

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