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Bulgaria and European Union

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  1. Introduction
  2. The reasons for the Irish "no"
    1. The context of the referendum
    2. The reasons for the rejection
  3. The ways out of the crisis
    1. How did the crisis happen?
    2. What to do now?

Today, Bulgaria is surrounded in the north by Romania, on the east by the Black Sea, south by Turkey and to the west by Macedonia and Serbia. The area of Bulgaria is 110,994 sq km. Sofia, its capital, is the largest city. The population is composed of 7,262,675 inhabitants. Todor Zhivkov was the secretary general of the Communist Party from 1954 to 1989. Bulgaria broke with communism in 1989 and in 1990 and 1991 and held its first free elections in fifty years.

The new government embarked on economic reforms and industrial discontent with the social implications of population and led to its collapse in 1992. Many people have emigrated during this period. After years of political instability, the Union of Democratic Forces assumed power in 1997. Since then, the Bulgarians consider their future with greater optimism. Many people, often rejected some negative aspects of the past, nonetheless became a success and admired the easy money and created new divisions in society.

With the new beginning after 1989, the country shows its desire to join Europe. The development of Bulgarian society since 1989 took place under the challenge with uncertain results. Bulgaria was following the pattern of transition in Central Europe. There were discussions in the "round table agreements signed by participants based in the negotiations were in the nature of legislative decisions to the extent that the National Assembly adopted " automatically? and without corrections of the text of the amendments of the Constitution.

In this way were possible changes in the old Constitution and the adoption of new laws needed to hold the first free elections in Bulgaria in the summer of 1990. It can be said that the panel was asked in a way the foundations of democracy in Bulgaria. December 7, was founded UDF (Union of Democratic Forces. In general the new constitutions are the best protection from the dangers of the old regime. The Constitution established the separation of powers and prohibits the creation of parties based on ethnic or religion.

The Constitution established a parliamentary form of government with a president elected directly and where the Parliament is central in the political system and the President plays rather the role of " neutral power ." It is directly elected by the people, but it has no independent authority for the composition of government, the dissolution of Parliament or the passage of legislation. The European Union also plans to have a long-term security policy, for Bulgaria, on the border of the West and the East, is a meeting place for competing policy interests.

Tags: Bulgaria; The European Union; economic reforms; the Union of Democratic Forces;

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