Can one attribute the democratic deficit of the European Union to the "weakness" of the European Parliament?
- First phase of determining the concept of rule of law: Submission of the right institutions
- Second phase: Defining the content of the legal
The notion of democratic deficit appeared in the Seventies, in the context of the first enlargement. According to the glossary of the European Parliament, it is an idea that is "primarily used to support claims that the EU suffers from a lack of democracy and seems inaccessible to citizens due to the complexity of its operation." The problem here is to discover if the European Parliament alone may be cause of this democratic deficit, because of its inability to fulfill the usual functions of an Upper House. In the first section, one will see that "weakness" of the European Parliament is more a myth than reality right now, and it is not its powers which can aggravate or otherwise reduce this democratic deficit. In the second section, one will be able to consider the other possible causes of this democratic deficit.
The idea most widely used today is that the EP is so low compared to other organs it is not able to exercise the usual functions of a parliament that is to say control the executive and participation in the development of the standard. This thought is well illustrated by the words of J. Nestor, director of a research group on the EU, "the EU has a tendency to put the legitimacy where there is no power, and power where they lack legitimacy." It for the rest to distinguish myth from reality in this assertion.
Indeed, the origin of European, Parliament is nothing more than a rubber stamp, which does not even have popular legitimacy: its members are appointed by national parliaments. It is so atrophied so real standard functions: it does not represent the people, it has a consultative role in legislation, and does not control the other devices. It started calling itself the European Parliament in 1962 (before that it was an Assembly), the name that was formalized in 1986 by the Single Act.
Tags: European Parliament; democratic deficit of the European Union; weakness of the European Parliament;