Citizens of the European Union
- The impact on growth in the euro area
- An economic slowdown
- Possible solutions
- A decline in interest rates
- A redefinition of the role of the ECB
As defined by Michael Walzer, a citizen is "a member of a political community with obligations and privileges attached to such membership." Indeed, sociologists seem to agree on the definition of a citizen: citizenship is a status of belonging to a community to which one has the feeling of belonging, a status that grants rights but also duties. As Sophie Duchesne and Andre-Paul Frognier highlighted, there is, particularly in Europe, a strong relationship between Europeanism and European feel. In other words, one cannot be a citizen if he/she does not behave as such and if it is not felt in this way. This illustrates the gradual construction of the figure of the citizen identity as well as the behavior and feels that goes within each European nation. It is now accepted in European democracies, but what about the European Union and the European citizen? In accordance with the will of European leaders to form a long-term community more than a juxtaposed one, the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 established for the first time the concept of European citizen. The advent of European citizenship is therefore presented as a major achievement of Maastricht. The treaty dedicated to all nationals of the member states, made under the name of European citizens, a certain number of rights including the right to move freely without hindrance within the EU countries, the right to be treated, if one is in a member country, the same way as nationals of the State concerned, and therefore established two principles, that of freedom of movement and that of non-discrimination, which are the foundation of the European citizenship. Similarly, the Treaty of Lisbon incorporates a number of principles set in previous treaties, and even tends to strengthen European citizenship in the sense that institutions are now better placed in relation with the citizens they are supposed to represent and serve their interests. Some analysts speak about the disappearance of the state in favor of Europe, a 'shift of loyalty' towards a European identity.