Civil-military relations in Kosovo - the stakes of the European involvement
- Civil-military cooperation before the declaration of independence of Kosovo
- The European Union and the independent Kosovo
- The cooperation with NATO: an obstacle to the ESDP?
In 2003, after the outbreak of European divisions over the question of Iraq, the European Council adopted the European Strategy developed by Javier Solana in a document, 'A secure Europe in a Better World', stating that 'Europe should be ready to share in the responsibility for global security and in building a better world'. This idea mainly referred to the outbreak of wars in the Balkans, jeopardizing European security. At the same time, the European and Security Defense Policy became efficient with the launch of the operation Concordia in Macedonia and Artemis in the Democratic Republic of Congo.