Construction of European Union and its dynamic geographical
- Appointment of the High Representative
- Features of the role of the High Representative
European construction was initiated at the west of the continent after the Cold War. After the war, Europe was destroyed and countries were enemies; yet, a generation of politicians at Europe thought of a European construction: it was ideas of fathers of Europe. Many of them were soldiers during the First World War and wanted to avoid a third world war. The OEEC was created in 1948 which brought together 16 countries that accepted the Marshall Plan and cooperated with each other. After 1960 and by the end of the Marshall Plan it was termed as OECD, which is now a sort of association that investigates, studies (based in Paris). In 1948 initiated the Western Union with 54 members in Western European Union (WEU) was created with the objective of common defense. It included the United Kingdom, France, Benelux, Italy, and Germany and so on. There was also the European Payments Union (until 58) awaiting for the convertibility of currencies in order to facilitate trade. The Council of Europe in May 1949 was the culmination of the idea of Churchill. It found a large opening in the Europe to democratic states (first 10 then 47 now) who agreed conventions in various topics. Till today, 160 Agreements were signed with the European Convention of Human Rights in 1950 on aspects such as transport, culture etc. After the fall of communism, there was a sharp increase in the number of countries (Hungary, Poland, Georgia, Ukraine, Russia ). There was also the European Defense Community (EDC) which with the Treaty of Paris in 1952 desired for a European army based on a Franco-German core. But rejection of the treaty by the French in 1954 brought about the end of this project which was more vague and complexly structured with NATO.