Education policy and research in Europe: the K factor
- Theoretical Framework
- The United States in decline?
- Challenging traditional stances
- Structural challenge: overcoming the hegemony
- The situation in China
- Tracks of thought
- Collapse of China
- Comparative Advantage
The K factor or the Knowledge Factor in English is defined as the set of knowledge, expertise or technical innovation available to an individual, organization, a country or a group of countries like the European Union. This policy of "knowledge" in the European Union has grown steadily since the 1950s. Europe was traumatized because of the tragedy of the Second World War and had the will to approach economically, initially with the ECSC Treaties (1951) and of Rome or the EEC (1957). The latter reflects the "economic pillar" which defines the internal market is the basis for future political reconstruction. This enhanced the economic period of rapid growth for all the countries of the EEC, which is known as "thirty glorious years".
But soon the economic crisis of the late 1970's called the European Union countries to develop innovative strategies to remain in the competition. Thus, from 1974 the Council had decided to develop a first community approach in the field of science and technology. Since the Treaty of Maastricht, the policy of the K factor which gathers the management of the research and educational programs passed from a reserved competence i.e. it was managed by the state with the shared competence, as the EU and the Member States jointly intervened on the research programs.
But since the Treaty of Lisbon in 2000 a "new strategic objective was installed for the decade to come: to become the economy of the most dynamic and most competitive knowledge of the world, capable of a durable economic growth accompanied by a quantitative and qualitative improvement of employment and by a greater social cohesion". Thus, at the age of globalization and technological renewal, Europe relies on the K factor and the alliance plans to become the most productive in education and research programs around the world against United States in this field.
How can a policy be established that will enable Europe to become the most competitive knowledge-based economy in the world? In the first part it is important to express the need for development of "gray matter" in Europe since the Treaty of Rome to the Treaty of Lisbon in 2000, while in the second part it is important to explain the operation of the management of such a program with the evocation of the role of Europe in terms of the knowledge of tomorrow.
Attract, retain and retain talent: in an increasingly global world, innovation and the management of high-level executives is one of the challenges of the European Union. Lack of resources is not only a French issue but global and is a sensitive point in many European companies. We have gone from a simple human resources management - a career in one company - a situation where the need exceeds supply. The phenomenon of the flight of the gray matter is not new, much less inevitable, and for the EU to remain competitive, it is vital that it improves its education and research policy.
Tags: Treaty of Lisbon, Knowledge Factor, Treaty of Maastricht