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Integration of new countries in the European Union

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  1. Introduction.
  2. The process of enlargement.
  3. The end of barriers.
  4. Not only financial purposes.
  5. Important figures.
  6. The French point of view.
  7. Conclusion.
  8. References.

The story of Europe is still being written. The entrance of new countries, ten in 2004, two others in 2007, and the current question of opening Europe to Turkey, shows that the European Union is continuously evolving. From 1947 to 1989, the liberalist doctrine has been adopted by the Western part of Europe, in opposition to the Eastern with its communist ideals. The countries from Western Europe, supported by the United States, started to gather together in institutional organizations, such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1948, and above all the beginning of the European Community in 1957 with the Rome Treaty. Started with six countries, the European construction happened step by step. Nine countries in 1973, ten in 1981, twelve in 1986, fifteen in 1995, the Union, which used to include only Western and liberal countries, started to include ex-USSR countries to organization.

[...] At last, it's normal that the enlargements cannot create only positive effect for every one and in every matter, but the base of this project is solidarity: the rich countries have to help the poorer; this is what makes the difference between Europe and some other regional integration models: the European Union is much more than a simple basic free-trade area, it made the political choice to integrate weaker countries (economically speaking), and to base its gathering not only on a financial cooperation, but above all on solidarity and on a cultural assembly of different societies. [...]

[...] Those countries, and particularly their trade balance, are clearly the beneficiaries of the integration of the new countries, even though the agricultural production is scheduled to decrease for all the countries of the Fifteen, at a level of for Germany, Austria and France. As a result, the agricultural workforce (qualified or not) will be reduced, above all in France, which is highly dependant of its agricultural sector, as it represents of its GDP (in 2004), and as France is the second agricultural exporter worldwide. [...]

[...] As from 2010 the new countries will benefit from more than 25% of this budget, the net cost is estimated at 31 billion euros in 2013. A country like France currently has to bear 20% of this cost according to the actual rules, which means that it will contribute to 6,2 billion euros to the integration in 2013 (Europe Finances). These costs rose since the period 2004 2006 but it can be considered as a long term investment, as the countries that currently pay for this integration will later take advantage of it. [...]

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