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Is the European Parliament a Parliament?

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  1. Presentation of the country
  2. Legal Risks
  3. Political risks
  4. Cultural risks
  5. Financial risks
  6. To Resume Ecuadorian's risks
  7. Form of Internal Business to be used to enter the foreign market
  8. Conclusion

The institutions created by the ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community) in 1955 featured an Assembly meant to represent the European people. In 1957, this Assembly merged with the EAEC. Established in 1962, does the EAEC have characteristics akin to that of a parliament? The basic constitutional features of a parliament are the traditional methods of selecting its members by election, and others share the contents of these powers, the main ones being the development and passage of legislation and the control of the executive. However, reports of power within the "institutional triangle" which includes the Council of the European Union, the Commission and the European Parliament, is quite specific: there is no question of transfer at the European level of the traditional distribution of the powers, especially the separation between the legislative and executive branches, found at the national level of the majority of the democratic States.

In the configuration of the European Union, it is questionable whether Parliament therefore has the attributes of a true traditional parliament in the constitutional sense of the word. The evolution of European integration has resulted in a substantial rise of the Parliament, which has won new powers over the European treaties. With the help of the consultations of the assembly, the Parliament has moved closer to its domestic counterparts, in terms of its organization and its functioning as well as in the extension of its prerogatives.

However, there are still numerous limitations and one cannot call this organization a parliament in the strictest sense of that institution. This organization often proves the commitment of states to their national sovereignty, while citizens, who have been empowered to elect their representatives in Europe by universal suffrage since 1976, appear reluctant to do so. Moreover, the conquest of the legislature has not been achieved. The Constitutional Treaty has sought to remedy some of these shortcomings.

The European Parliament has an organization and a well established operation in which stand strong parallels with those of a national Parliament: Election of a chairman, deputies subject to certain common rules, commissions and task organization, presence of a Bureau and a Secretariat, conferences of Presidents.

The President represents Parliament vis-à-vis the outside world and its relations with other institutions.
- Assisted by 14 Vice-Presidents, the President shall direct the overall work of the European Parliament and its bodies (Bureau and Conference of Presidents) and the discussions in plenary.
- It ensures compliance with the regulation of EP and thus ensures, by his arbitration, the proper functioning of all activities of this institution and its organs.
- He is the representative of Parliament in legal matters and in all external relations. He expresses, inter alia, all major international issues and makes recommendations to strengthen the European Union.
- At the opening of each meeting of the European Council, he expresses the views and concerns of Parliament on specific issues and items on the agenda.
- By signing, he makes the budget of the European Union - after a vote by the EP at second reading - enforceable.

Tags: European Parliament, European Coal and Steel Community, Council of the European Union

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