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The EU Lisbon agenda

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  1. Introduction.
  2. The European context in 2000: Why establish new goals for Europe?
    1. A political will to launch a European social model.
    2. 2000, at the height of the boom: An encouraging context for Europe to take off again.
  3. The ambitious content of the 'Lisbon Agenda'.
    1. Economic targets.
    2. The focus on employment and the social aims.
  4. As the year 2010 is approaching, what are the actual achievements of the Lisbon plan?
    1. A quite disappointing situation.
    2. Some implementations to the agenda.
  5. Conclusion.
  6. Bibliography.

To make the European Union "the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-driven economy, capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion ": that was the guideline, the ?new strategic goal? of the principles EU's Head of States and Governments agreed on when they signed in March 2000 what is now called the Lisbon Agenda. This agreement was discussed by the fifteen countries that formed the EU at that time, during the European Council that took place in Lisbon. The idea was to launch a long-term plan, including overall strategies concerning economic policies for the next ten years. However, this Lisbon Strategy aimed at including social considerations in these economic policies. Thus, they have defined the European social model as a triangle, linking the three angles represented by economic, employment and social policies. The gathering of these three perspectives should ensure a balanced growth, in everybody's advantage, and well-being in the European Union. Even more, the EU would have a role to play in the mutual progress on economic and social fronts.

[...] Some implementations to the Agenda 2004 : the turning point As we have seen, the Kok report was quite negative about the Lisbon Agenda achievements. However marked several deep changes at the head of Europe, with the election of a new Parliament in June, appointment of a new Commission in November. And what marked a great disruption is the entry of ten new countries in the Union, which implied a rethinking of the Strategy. The 2004 Commission spring report announces the decision to launch again the ?European Growth Initiative?. [...]

[...] Sustainable development really was actually written down in the Lisbon Agenda as a central issue during the Goteborg Council in March 2001. The goals set at Lisbon in 2000, during the specific context of the economic boom were wide-range, applying the lines of the new social model designed for the European Union. The European Council targeted to achieve these objectives within a decade. Now that we are nearly in 2008, we can begin to appreciate the results. As the year 2010 is approaching, what are the actual achievements of the Lisbon plan? [...]

[...] To conclude this study of the EU Lisbon Agenda, it can be said in a nutshell that the strategy elaborated in 2000 was ambitious. The context was appropriate: politically speaking, European leaders wanted to build a social model taking reconciling welfare state to liberalism. Economic circumstances of the year 2000 were outstanding and it can explain why the aims set at Lisbon might seem quite unrealistic today. Thus, the Head of States and Governments of the current fifteen countries of the EU agreed in Lisbon on a policy mix, with economic targets and social, and even societal for example regarding environment- aims. [...]

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