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The European union’s development policy toward Africa

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  1. Introduction.
  2. African development as one of the first European policies, since the Rome Treaty.
    1. The reasons of Euro-African co-operations and development aids.
    2. The main affairs concerned by this cooperation, the priorities, and means of application.
  3. Lisbon summit, as well as the former agreements and the African development.
    1. The easing of African development mainly through the set up of trade partnership agreements by EU.
    2. Evolutions of the EU/ACP relationship.
    3. The original strategy that distinguish from the usual international organisations one.
  4. Introduction of a new European strategy towards Africa in the recent Lisbon summit.
    1. A new trade-approach that takes the last failures into consideration.
    2. EU not giving priority to economic development issues.
    3. EU's renewed towards Africa.
  5. Conclusion.
  6. Bibliography.

On December 8th and 9th 2007 the summit of African and European leaders has hold in Lisbon. It is the second ever Summit between heads of states and governments from EU and Africa after the Cairo Summit in 2000. The 52 countries of the African Union, the 27 European member states, and the kingdom of Morocco attended it last week-end to settle a new Euro-African agreement in a summit that is both addressing the issues of trade, debt, political issues, peace building and conflict prevention, and development. We will especially focus on this last issue. The today's EU is the first trade power in the world. It owns one quarter of the world wealth and, furthermore, is in first place in the world, as far as public development aid to poor countries is concerned. Today's Africa is often quoted as the last poor continent in the world. It is constituted with 53 countries which present very various states of development.

[...] Indeed, as far as trade, and especially the EPAs, is concerned African countries are divided on whether they should sign it or not. As long as African countries' economies are much diversified they will not agree the EPAs under the same conditions. These few criticisms reveal the matter of considering Africa as a whole. That is, by the way, one of the reasons argued by Lisbon-reluctant people. European development policy toward South Africa has obviously another meaning than European development policy toward Senegal. However, what is important is that the EU considers Africa as a whole and, that way, defines [...]

[...] This is a way for the EU, once more, to preserve peace and security, but also to define its new international role The EU renews its policy toward Africa, and that way defined its new international role A new kind of international role. What the recent Lisbon Summit tells about the EU is how they change their way of imposing itself as an international actor. For decades, economic development strategy applies with trade means was one of its first goal. [...]

[...] First, we will see how, and why has the European foreign policy toward Africa been envisaged through the prism of development since the Rome Treaty. Secondly, we will examine how the recent Lisbon Summit continues a traditional European policy of development toward Africa. Finally, we will shed light on how it introduces a change in Euro- African relationships. I. African development is one of the first ?European? policies, since the Rome Treaty 1. The reasons of Euro-African co-operations and development aids stability of this continent is our stability. [...]

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