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The revalorization of the role of the European Parliament

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  1. The actions of the Executive over the Legislature
    1. Censorship
    2. Dissolution
  2. The actions of the legislature over the executive
    1. Procedure issues
    2. Limits of a vote

The Rome Treaty of 1957 gave little room for 'the Parliament', due to mistrust of the founding fathers with respect to the representative element of the institutional triangle. It was restricted to give purely advisory opinions for the European Council. This role reflected the reluctance of member states to cede their sovereignty and their preference for an inter-governmental cooperation. Yet today the Parliament has a central place in European politics.

For example, it was it which had found compromises to resolve conflicts along the Bolkestein directives: it has indeed been able to, thanks to action by MEP Evelyne Gebhardt, rewrote the services directive in a very different meaning that was advocated by the Commission, after a standoff of over 3 years on it. The Council and the Commission have finally aligned on the vision of the Parliament, including the abolition of the country of origin and the exclusion of 'services of general interest in the non-economic field of the directive'. This directive has also spearheaded one of the foremost political battles across the European Union and a clear left-right divide that has not been disturbed by national interests. How have political practices and institutional linked Europe, leading to the reassessment of the role of the European Parliament?

The Assembly calls itself "European Parliament" in 1962 (before that name was registered in the Single Act): symptomatic of how political practice ahead of institutional change. The treaties of 1970 and 1975 provide that the Parliament shares with the Council the power to vote on the budget, depending on the type of expenditure. Indeed, this skill only for "non mandatory" expenses for which it has significant power and its amendments can not be rejected by the Council.

Tags: The European Parliament; role of the parliament; reassessment of the role of the European Parliament;

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