Differentiation and integration within the European Union
The concept of creating unity by integration was first put forward by Jean Monnet and its aim is to bring a platform of unity within the diversity of the member states of the European Union. It would no longer consider differentiation as a flexible mode of European integration as this allows the members of the Union to diffuse their focus from their goals.
However, if differentiation does not preclude the granting of certain powers to supranational bodies, the individualization of integration does not affect the coherence and solidarity of the EU to the same integration. The difficulty of the dual challenge of broadening and deepening the dynamic set of integration between blocking and Community Recovery starts the balance of differentiation between community interest and national egoism. There is a need to maintain consistency and solidarity within the European Union.
Differentiation in the dynamics of integration: the twin challenges of enlargement and deepening
As highlighted by R. Schuman in 1950, "Europe will not happen at once, it will be built through concrete achievements which first create a 'de facto' solidarity". Therefore, its construction is a process by which integration can be achieved through differentiation because of the diverse components of the Union.
The integration of the community can be achieved in stages - the Single European Act of 1986, the Maastricht Treaty of 1992, the Treaty of Amsterdam of 1997, the Treaty of Nice in 2001 and the Lisbon Treaty played their parts in this process of integration. It takes shape through the Community method which allows to integrate more and more material and sectors within a single framework.
The closer one gets to the last degree of integration, namely political union, the fewer the states willing to transfer an additional portion of their sovereignty to the institutions of the EU.
Tags - Differentiation, integration, European Union, Jean Monnet