Employment and freedom of movement for the workers in the European Union
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The European Commission has proclaimed 2006 as the "European Year of Workers' Mobility". The free movement of workers is a fundamental principle enshrined in the EU treaties and is not without affecting the functioning of national labor markets. It modifies the European division of labor and thus tends to create competition between workers of all Member States.
The question of the effects of free movement of workers on the job is constantly debated and is appreciated very differently by the Commission and Member States (and between the member states themselves).
How does the free movement of workers within the EU affect the functioning of labor markets and employment? How is it perceived and implemented in member states, especially following the latest enlargement?
The European Commission, convinced of the advantages of free movement of workers for employment, tent, from the legal basis provided by the Treaties, to achieve effective implementation of this principle.
Member states are divided as to the expected benefits of the free movement of workers, some fearing a disruption in their labor market, others hoping instead to fill the vacancies. These differences of opinion explain the differences in the implementation of this principle after the 2004 enlargement.
The proper functioning of the Common Market requires four fundamental freedoms: free movement of goods, persons, services and capital. The free movement of workers is one of the founding principles of the European Union and as such is included in the TEC.
Articles from 39 to 42 forms the legal basis. Article 39 of the Treaty of Rome states that "the free movement of persons is ensured within the Community" and that "it involves the abolition of any discrimination based on nationality between workers of Member States as regards employment, remuneration and other working conditions.?
These articles are complemented by the Regulation of 15 October 1968 on the freedom of movement for workers within the Community, as well as provisions for the coordination of social security systems and mutual recognition of diplomas.
Tags: European Union; free movement of workers within the EU; effect on employment; functioning of labor markets; implementation in member states;