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Introduction to the History of International Relations', Pierre and Jean-Baptiste Renouvin Duroselle

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  1. Introduction
  2. Review
  3. Conclusion

Pierre and Jean-Baptiste Renouvin Duroselle were two French historians, specialists in the history of international relations. The first was born in 1893 and died in 1974, and the second was born in 1917 and died in 1994. The two historians had followed different paths, before they had met and begun a fruitful collaboration in the field of international relations.

From 1920, Pierre Renouvin worked as a Secretary General of the League of World War history and editor of the Journal of the History of World War. Lecturer at the Sorbonne in 1923, he was appointed as professor in 1931, then devoted himself to the study of international relations more generally, by publishing his History of international relations in four volumes in 1954. At the same time, he became a member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences in 1946, before chairing the National Foundation of Political Sciences from 1959 to 1972.

He had a very important power in French historiography; he was the history section leader of the Sorbonne, the Chairman of the History Section of the Advisory Committee of universities and the president of the CNRS. Jean-Baptiste Duroselle meanwhile was admitted to the ENS, before finishing his work on the aggregation of history and geography in 1943 and obtained his doctorate in 1949 (with a thesis on social Catholicism).

He first taught at the universities of Saarbrucken and Lille between 1950 and 1958 while as a lecturer and professor at Sciences Po between 1946 and 1983, and the Sorbonne, where he directed the Institute of History of International Relations. Duroselle was also a member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences from 1975, before winning the Balzan Prize (social science) and being awarded the Legion of Honor.

JB Duroselle was one of the founders of the journal International Relations in 1974, and the author of numerous publications such as The Idea of Europe in history (1965), The Drama of Europe from 1919 to present day (1969), and numerous other books were on the history of international relations. JB Duroselle and P.

Renouvin are considered in French historiography as the fathers of modern history of international relations. It was indeed their successful collaboration that happened in 1964, 'Introduction to the History of International Relations', presented by the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, which quickly became a new classic in historical analysis.

In their conclusion, JB Duroselle and P. Renouvin explained that, given the history of international relations, historians were divided between three explanations. Some believe that the economic, financial and demographic elements exerted a dominant influence on international relations. Others believe that the explanation lies in the fundamental elements of collective psychology. And finally, the last attached a value to the decisions and actions of politicians and groups.The originality of the work of these historians is therefore first in the presentation of these three explanatory factors, through their eighteen chapters.

Tags: Pierre and Jean-Baptiste Renouvin Duroselle, international relations, National Foundation of Political Sciences, History Section of the Advisory Committee, Institute of History of International Relations

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