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Introduction to the role of state in international relations

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  1. Main conflicts in Africa resulted from the fragility of states following the decolonization process and re-appropriating modes of administrations of former colonial powers
    1. The new states were unable to regulate the tensions inherent due to the presence of many ethnic and religious disparities
  2. The fragility of the state was born as a result of structural inability to exercise its sovereignty and control territory
    1. Resources were the coveted constants that states failed to master
    2. The failure of the state space opened to the presence of many destabilizing transnational actors in pursuit for interests
  3. Conflicts in Africa have also exacerbated by geopolitical and strategic stakes of the great powers in Africa seeking to maximize their power
    1. Africa was a breeding ground for indirect confrontation of the great powers
    2. The post-Cold War saw the emergence of new types of low intensity conflicts
  4. Conclusion

The purpose of the state is a political, historical, economic phenomenon. It is purely legal and state is regarded as a corporation. Leon Duguit says in this regard: 'I have never indulged with a corporation'. The wide accepted definition of the state is that proposes by Raymond Carré de Malberg in his 'Contribution to the general theory of the State' (1920) stated as: 'The state is a result of training within a fixed or in a given territory of national, there is a higher power exerted by certain persons or assemblies on all individuals who are within that territory'. There is no state without a territory. To be a state, we need a territory. This territory consists of the geographic areas in which a population is subject to a government. This is where the power is expressed exclusively by the state. International custom disappears when a state considers that its territory disappears, regardless of the size of the territory. Airspaces states coincide on the horizontal plane with their land and maritime borders. The first article on the Paris Convention of 1919, still in force, states: 'The High Contracting Parties recognize that every Power has complete and exclusive sovereignty over the air space above its territory'. The 1919 Convention territorializes airspace. And air sovereignty of the state stops at the outer limits of the territorial sea.

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