Can Terrorism be a strategic problem?
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In the absence of definition by public international law, terrorism is akin to the calculated use of violence or threat of violence to create fear. It is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies to achieve political, reIn the absence of definition by the international law, terrorism is comparable to the calculated use of violence or threat of violence to create fear. It is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies to achieve political, religious or ideological demands. The terrorist act is not new in international society. However, the attacks of September 11, 2001 by al Qaeda against the World Trade Center mark a break in the classical sense of terrorism.
The threat of terrorism now at an unprecedented scale, described by some as "hyper," upsets the traditional approaches against terrorism concerns at the state level and internationally based on specific and targeted conventions.
Terrorism is now at the crossroads of military and security issues. A number of factors came together to see terrorism become a strategic problem. It fits into effect to varying degrees in the two definitions of strategy:
- On the one hand, it marks its entry into the military science on the conduct of war and the general organization of the defense of territories;
- Secondly, it called for the intensification of a series of concerted and coordinated action to eradicate it.
Thus, recent changes have led to terrorism taking it into account as a factor influencing the non-exclusive military doctrines. Much more than a strategic problem, it became the subject of a comprehensive strategy involving the eradication of concerted and coordinated actions.
The recent changes of terrorism - The attacks of September 11, 2001 marked the advent of terrorism via hybrid forms both classic and new.
? classical forms:
- The use of terror is a feature that continues the contemporary terrorism: the use of "suicide bombers" by the Chechens, where Palestinian brigades of Hamas or Al Aqsa Martyrs' lives to create a climate of terror in populations.
- Failure to claim terrorist attacks is symptomatic of terrorism to enhance the effect of terror by curbing the ability to effectively answer the issue and complicating the identification of the authors (see the attacks on the World Trade Center or yet the attack in the Arabian Gulf against the French oil tanker Limburg).
- Funding still largely traditional based as much on the proceeds of criminal offenses (narcotics, counterfeiting, smuggling of diamonds from "gray areas"), with the support of the various diasporas (eg Pakistani diaspora) charitable or generous donors . Similarly, the practice of revolutionary tax continues. In addition, use of ancestral ways of financing the system continues, such as the informal "hawallah" banking network.
? new forms:
- The number of victims in the September 11 attacks (over 3000) is proportional to the extent of the power of the United States and its allies. The United States previously seemed to be immune to such violent conflicts and had only been susceptible to damage on a large scale like Pearl Harbor in 1941 or a ballistic or nuclear attack.
- Expanding the pool of candidates for the suicide terrorist or terrorist involvement. The former are recruited only among the poor people in rural or marginal social classes. Osama Bin Laden is an upper class Saudi of Yemeni origin. What is new is also the "use" of female suicide bombers both in Chechnya and the occupied territories.
Tags: Classical forms of terrorism, international law, global security