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Can we have a world government?

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  1. Introduction
  2. The need of a system that would dominate all the people of the world
  3. The proposition by Kant in 'Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Point of View'
  4. The idea of a world citizenship
  5. Objections to the world government
    1. On what principle would a world government be created?
    2. The difficulty of having every country fairly represented
    3. What would be the real benefits of a world citizenship?
  6. Attempts to form supranational governments since World War I
  7. The appearance of a world government after WWII
  8. Conclusion
  9. Bibliography

To answer the question ?Can we have world government?, we must understand two questions: one is ?What would be the use and necessity of a world government?; the other one is ?In what extent would it be possible?? ?A government is a system, form or organization by which a community or other political unit is governed? . Does globalization today imply that the world is ready for a supranational organization that would carry the badge ?world government?? Indeed, Howard argues that ?Gradually, under the pressure of globalization, supranational entities are coming into having the power to override the authority of sovereign states.? Although today's world is getting in some way more and more global (countries more and more interdependent), diversity and inequalities have not yet disappeared, nor are they likely to be in a good way of being eradicated. Considering this, we may wonder whether a world government would help resolve problems such as inequality: would developing countries benefit from it, or would only dominating powers manage to get something out of it? The answer obviously depends on the constitution of this government. There have been various attempts to build a supranational entity, and each one of them has brought new useful lessons, either good or bad.

[...] So how can the countries of the world come to a common agreement for a Constitution, when they have such divergent points of view, especially as regards to democracy, a value so much cherished in the Western world? The second objection to a world government would be the difficulty of having every country fairly 2 represented for decision-making. Regarding all the diversity of the world, a federal organization would seem the most relevant. But what would be the representation of each country? [...]


[...] These institutions need to develop a new formula that would help less powerful countries function on a global scale. According to Edwards we need to put into place a ?framework of rules and standards established and implemented through more democratic means? He mentions a statement of Peter Sutherland who insists on the necessity that poorest countries have a fair say in negotiating this framework. Otherwise there will be few dissenting voices, little real debate, and no answers that enjoy enough support to make them work? . [...]


[...] According to Edwards we need to put into place a ?framework of rules and standards established and implemented through more democratic means? He mentions a statement of Peter Sutherland who insists on the necessity that poorest countries have a fair say in negotiating this framework. Otherwise there will be few dissenting voices, little real debate, and no answers that enjoy enough support to make them work? . Progress needs to be made also concerning education. Indeed it would be the first step toward identifying oneself as a citizen of the world. [...]

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