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Conflict between Somali and Ethiopia

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  1. A summary of the history since Somali's independence in 1960
  2. The conflict between Somali and Ethiopia: the point on the actual situation
  3. The parties' interests analyzed under the principles of negotiation
  4. Applying the 'Getting to Yes' principles of negotiation to the different parties
    1. Separate the people from the problem
    2. Focus on interests rather than positions
    3. Generate a variety of options before settling on an agreement
    4. Insist that the agreement be based on objective criteria
  5. Possible specific negotiating situations
    1. The other party is more powerful
    2. The other party won't use principled negotiation
    3. The other party uses dirty tricks

At the outset, we deliver a reminder about Somali history. Once this summary is done, we will try to understand the conflict through the "getting to yes" precepts and the situation of the Africa Horn. For each point, we will analyze what the position of each party, and what could be done better to improve the situation and lead to a fair negotiation process. We will build our work on the 4 principles of negotiation described by Roger Fisher and William Ury in their book named "Getting to Yes?: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In, (New York: Penguin Books, 1983). First of all the analysis must be able to separate the people from the problem from the beginning, in order to allow place for argument and avoid passion and other feelings which could lead the negotiation to a catastrophic end. The second important principle is that parties must be focused on interests rather than positions, and move in another field to find a common grain to share. At the same time, this principle doesn't mean that one must abandon his beliefs or point of view on a problem.

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