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Critically Examination of US policy toward the Middle East in the twentieth century

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  1. Introduction
  2. Post-Cold War Policies in the Middle East
    1. The Case of Saudi Arabia
    2. The Case of Afghanistan
    3. The Case of Iraq
  3. Impact of US Foreign Policy
  4. Conclusion

Throughout the course of its history, the United States has utilized its foreign policy objectives for the purposes of pursuing its own needs. Although the United States has, in rare instances, pursued foreign policy objectives for the purposes of altruistically improving outcomes for citizens in developing nations, in general it can be argued that the US has a long history of hegemony and imperialism in the international community. Despite the position of the US as a world political and economic leader, it is evident that the federal government still envisions areas in which the US could potentially take a more active and aggressive role in world domination. Such is the case with the Middle East.Critically examining US policy toward the Middle East in the twentieth century, it is evident that relations with various Middle Eastern countries during this time period were shaped by the Cold War. For instance, the US forged allies with Osama bin Laden during the 1980s in an effort to help bin Laden and his guerillas defeat the Russians in Afghanistan. Further, the US was ultimately responsible for installing Saddam Hussein as the leader of Iraq in an effort to prevent the spread of communism in the Middle East.

[...] Through a careful consideration of American foreign policy in the Middle East since the Cold War, it will be possible to demonstrate that because the US government has served only its selfish interests, it has promulgated an outpouring of hatred and animosity toward the United States. Further, by examining what has been written about post-Cold War foreign policy in the Middle East, it will be possible to demonstrate that unless the US government changes its policy toward the Middle East, the best interests of the American people will never be served. [...]

[...] The central question that arises in this case is Critically reviewing what has been written about US foreign policy in Afghanistan since the Cold War, it becomes evident that the American government has not waged a full scale attack on the country for a number of pertinent reasons. Hartman (2002) argues that the decision of the United States to arm and train Islamic fundamentalists during the Cold War has served as the basis for the creation of a monster. While the US believed that it was in its best interest to stop the Russians from controlling Afghanistan, the choice made by the US is one that now has significant consequences for the US. [...]

[...] The Case of Iraq Finally, no investigation of current US policy in the Middle East could be undertaken without some consideration for the country of Iraq. When one looks at the overall response of the US with respect to Iraq, it is evident that the US is indeed pursuing a policy that would bring democracy and freedom to the Middle East. Shuja (2004) in his analysis of the decision of the US to engage in preemptive war with the US argues that the decision made by President Bush was predicated on the September 11th terrorist attacks and the implications for the proliferation of terrorism in the international community. [...]

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