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Food safety in the Horn of Africa

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  1. Introduction
  2. The reasons for the Irish "no"
    1. The context of the referendum
    2. The reasons for the rejection
  3. The ways out of the crisis
    1. How did the crisis happen?
    2. What to do now?

For several months, the media pointed their fingers at the current food crisis in Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Djibouti, and also in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Through their official website and through press releases, the FAO and Oxfam International, have attracted the attention on the situation in the Horn of Africa and presented them as a very troubled region. Indeed, for nearly four years, this region is plagued by long periods of drought, combined with continuing political conflicts. In this context, the crops are meager, and 80% rural population no longer finds enough food and dies of hunger. Children are the first victims; their weak bodies cannot fight against epidemics of measles or smallpox. They die of disease and hunger and not as exposed to the wrong media. The farmers then migrate with their families and their herds in search of a water point, or are herded into camps to help facilitate the work of humanitarian organizations. These gatherings of people in unsanitary areas are beneficial to the proliferation of diseases. In this context, the only way out is the food aid sent by humanitarian organizations. However, for many people like Penny Lawrence, director of Oxfam International, the Horn of Africa can no longer afford to aid Emergency perpetuating this vicious cycle. According to the FAO, approximately 20 million people depend on food assistance in the Horn of Africa, a figure that could very well increase as a result of flooding brought about by the climatic phenomenon. The El Nino usually brings heavy rain towards the end of the year. It is therefore urgent to address the issue of food security in the Horn of Africa.

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