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Human Trafficking

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  1. Definition of human trafficking.
  2. The multi-dimensional threats posed by human trafficking to states and individuals.
  3. The Department of Peacekeeping Operations.
  4. Reform Strategies.
  5. Obstacles and hurdles.

Approximately 800,000 men, women, and children are smuggled across international borders daily. These numbers do not even include labor and sexual exploitation, and internally displaced persons within each state. Those smuggled have different experiences and motivations such as political refugees, economic migrants, and those fleeing voluntarily from ongoing conflict zones or violence prone areas, while there are others that are trafficked against their will. Prospects for a better life abroad, reuniting with family members, escaping from poverty, political and social unrest, conflict, and economic marginalization have increased the number of international migrants.

[...] The program will entail how to recognize human trafficking, how it relates to security, human rights, and organized crimes, and that trafficking is a serious human rights abuse. The ORL will be responsible in educating and training all UN personnel, such as commanders, military police, investigators, intelligence officers, ground staff, and all other necessary units. The program will include widespread circulation of UN standards, codes of conducts, definition of human trafficking, the impact of such actions, and punishment for violators. [...]

[...] Although the DPKO established the CDU, the consequence for peacekeepers involved in human trafficking is merely the repatriation of personnel. Once repatriated, there is no system to trace these violators of crime. This spurs a culture of impunity within the peacekeeping community and sends a message that criminal acts are condoned when Blue Helmet members get away with such practices. It destroys the reputation of the country, organization, and operation when peacekeepers violate the basic human rights of the people they are there to help. [...]

[...] Corruption, especially amongst law enforcement officials, facilitates human trafficking and the conditions that allow it to thrive. Without the participation of corrupt agents, issues such as illegal border crossings would be less, an increase exposure of oppressive workplaces or brothels, and provision of fraudulent documents almost impossible. States must take serious steps to combat corruption especially amongst civil servants. They must be willing to investigate allegations, expose the crimes, and punish the corrupt. States cannot be willing to compromise its integrity, instead promote transparency and accountability within its institutions. [...]

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