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Is capitalism a positive or negative force in International Relations?

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  1. Introduction
  2. Definition of capitalism
  3. Supporters of capitalist ideology
    1. Defending the capacity to enhance progress and development
    2. Tthe implantation of industries in third world countries
  4. Marx and his criticism of capitalism
    1. Third world countries forced into entering the global economy
    2. Benifits of the neo-liberal project and its capitalistic aims
  5. The spread of capitalism throughout the globe and the immiseration of the third world
    1. Being trapped in a position of dependency
  6. Anti systemic movements of counter globalization
  7. Conclusion
  8. Bibliography

In 1995, the 200 most powerful multi-national corporations controlled approximately one third of the world GNP The turnover of these companies sometimes exceeds the GNP of some countries: one example is General Motors which with a turnover of 132 billion dollars surpasses the GNP of Indonesia. Confronted with the power of these companies, one must acknowledge their importance in international relations, in the context of a capitalist world economy. Capitalism is ?an economic system in which all or most of the means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated in a relatively competitive environment through the investment of capital to produce profits? . Since the collapse of communism following the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989, capitalism has become the hegemonic ideal and the dominant economic trend. Criticism of this ideology however, has not ceased, considering that nearly half the world's population (2.8 billion people) live on less than US$2 per day. This raises the question of whether capitalism is a positive force in international relations and what are its consequences for both developed and third world countries.

[...] Not only is capitalism imposed on countries, which often suffer worse economic conditions, and are dependent on developed countries, it is also a threat to international stability and world security. As Marx wrote the society where the capitalist mode of production prevails, anarchy in the social division of labour and despotism in the manufacturing division of labour mutually condition each other.? Many international tensions have arisen in parallel with the spread of capitalism. First, the development of capitalism has to a certain extent been responsible for the phenomenon of imperialism and more specifically Imperialism?, or the phase which lasted from 1870 to 1914 approximately. [...]


[...] Capitalism is established, regardless of other schemes of production that might have existed previously and of possible contradictory values or culture of a country. Although liberal capitalism and free trade has been little by little attained a ?common sense? status, through the promotion of mutual benefice, it nonetheless profits the hegemonic western powers more than anyone else. There are three main reasons why the neo-liberal project and its capitalistic aims: development of free trade, privatization of companies, less state intervention . [...]


[...] Wallerstein, a major figure in the world-system theory, believes the international system today is based on a world economy as opposed to a world empire, the main distinction being that in a world economy there are different rival centres of power, and that the market regulates their relations. In both kinds of systems, however, there is a transfer of resources from the periphery, here the third-world countries, to the core. According to Wallerstein, countries throughout the world are categorized according to a schematic spatial dimension: core, periphery, and semi-periphery. [...]

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