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Refugee studies, humanitarian issues in International Politics

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  1. Humanitarian protection and relief
  2. Goldhagen on new threat and need of anti-eliminationism discourse
  3. Issues regarding family and the human rights discussion

The concept of humanitarian protection encompasses the various activities that are aimed at achieving full respect for the rights of individuals in accordance with the letter and the spirit of the relevant law bodies. Moreover, the relevant bodies of humanitarian, human rights and refugee law shall conduct the activities of protection and relief impartial and not on the basis of nationality, race, gender, ethnic origin, language or gender. Basically, the concept of humanitarian protection and relief relates to the delivery of fundamental humanitarian assistance in accordance with supplying essential basic needs such as food, water, health and shelter to vulnerable populations.

[...] Because it is common for many refugees to be separated, the international community considers family reunion as a means of promoting the integration process and serving the rights of the migrants. In consideration of the need for reunion, the immigration status of the family members determines how the right to a family unit shall be implemented. This is in line with the fact that there is no internationally accepted definition of a family unit, but international law recognizes various forms. Different categories of people claiming the right to a family unit demonstrate some of the issues that may arise and how they are normally addressed. [...]

[...] In another scenario, those who have not been recognized as refugees, but are in need of international protection are entitled to human rights including the right to a family unit. In another case, persons with analogous situations that make it unable for them to return home benefit from the same application of the human rights of the host country. In the case of persons seeking asylum makes a unique case as it becomes difficult to identify where they should enjoy this right of reunion in. [...]

[...] Moreover, the UNHCR provides care for refugees on location and emphasizes international presence so as to encourage potential refugees to stay. In addition, the UNHCR adopts a homeland-oriented strategy in which it tries to reintegrate displaced persons to their former countries and communities. Again, the UNHCR takes care of migrants who do not fit into the conventional refugee definitions hence helping IDPs, asylum seekers, and persons threatened with displacement. Lastly, the UNHCR is increasingly involved in the rectification of gross violations of human rights in the international community. [...]

[...] The Universal declaration of human rights is a foundational document that contains thirty general statements about human rights. The Commission on Human Rights is the main policy-making body that investigates allegations of human rights violations and communicates issues regarding them. This document has been followed by subsequent treaties that have translated the principles into many recognized specific rights which are necessary to a life with dignity. The International law states that the violation of the absolute core rights constitutes gross and major violations of human rights. [...]

[...] In most cases, when the reason for expulsion is violation of immigration laws and the person in question has children and an intact family, the immigration laws are sacrificed for the sake of respecting an intact family. However, in the case of criminal law violation the human rights are violated for the sake of enforcing immigration laws. As for admissions, states are also bound by international law as well. Specifically on the situation of minor children and their parents, the state has the obligation to keep a family united and also determines state's action regarding families living across borders. [...]

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