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The Sunshine Policy (1998-2008) on the Korean peninsula, a critical assessment questioning the dominant western paradigm

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  1. Cultural origins of the Sunshine Policy and historical perspective
    1. South Korean values have favored negotiations
    2. Contrary to previous attempts, the Sunshine Policy has been sustainable over time and seems to have yielded more results
  2. To the staggering improvement of inter-korean relations sparking public euphoria to the election of G. W. Bush which undermined the policy
    1. The improvement of inter-state relations has led to unanimous conclusions
    2. B. G. W. Bush's election caused a halt to inter-korean relations
  3. The responsibility of the people in the failure of the policy: criticism of the rise of conservatism in South Korea and immobility in North Korea
    1. The euphoria has subsided in the South, which has gone from a society largely in favor of the policy to a divided society
    2. Shift the point of view to better understand the sustainability of the North Korean regime: between relay in the population and chain of complicities

This article criticizes the dominant Western paradigm vis-à-vis North Korea, which is often critical towards it, while Pyongyang has sometimes been able to compromise. This paper seeks to highlight the reasons why North Korea and South Korea have not achieved reunification despite the implementation of the Sunshine Policy from 1998 to 2008. It proposes to find answers to this failure. On the one hand, it looks at the domestic level with the rise of conservatism in South Korea and the immobilism of the people in North Korea. On the other hand, it looks at the reasons for this failure at the international level by mentioning the role of the United States after the election of G. W. Bush.

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