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The causes of resurgence of Islamism

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Sciences Po

About the document

Published date
documents in English
4 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. This secular circumstances
  3. The failure of the post-colonial State
  4. Tthe great majority of supporters of Islamist ideology
  5. Conclusion
  6. Bibliography

Since the terrorist attacks of 9/11 in 2001, Islamism is perceived as the major international threat of our time. The subject is broadly under studies, in universities as well as in the media, which often provide a biased vision of the phenomenon. Islamism can be defined by the use of the sacred texts of Islam for political purposes, and the will to ?change the very basics of the social fabric? to ?Islamise' society. The spectrum of means of the different organisations is wide, from social activism to terrorist violence, but all Islamist groups share that particular aim. Going back to the religion has always been seen as a cure in times of crisis. Even if major texts of Islamic radicalism have been written in the early 40s and early 60s, they started to make sense for a lot of people in the early 70s, when the economic crisis occurred in the region of Middle East and North Africa. The end of the post colonial dream and the growing disillusion and anger were the basis of the Islamism popularity. It has been reinforced by external factors and the perception of the ?neo-imperial' West as a threat.

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