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The defense of the vital interests in the foreign politics of the United States (1898-2003)

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  1. Introduction
  2. The reasons for the Irish "no"
    1. The context of the referendum
    2. The reasons for the rejection
  3. The ways out of the crisis
    1. How did the crisis happen?
    2. What to do now?

Moving from a state isolationist and interventionist than that of accessing the last superpower status unilaterally, the United States during the twentieth century, adopted different foreign policies, but kept one goal: that of safeguarding and the defense of its vital interests. The nation's excessive intransigence in unbridled negotiating may differ from one period to another, but there's always evidence of the existence of a real continuity in American foreign policy.

The defense of vital interests of the United States could lead to recurring concepts in the literature of realistic territorial integrity, the safeguarding of national interests - be they economic, strategic or political - and military power. However, a far more liberal aspect lends itself to U.S. interests that of conveying democracy and economic liberalism in a world then under tension, to ensure peace. Real desire to defend freedom and human rights or simply to provide liberal American prosperity through the development of freedom of world trade, this duality of American foreign policy has long been controversial; just as the ambiguity between isolationism and interventionism has punctuated the U.S. foreign policy throughout the twentieth century. It is therefore difficult to determine with confidence the various periods of this policy.

We will strive to determine what form this element has assumed in defense of national interests of the United States in the world of the twentieth century. First, we will see how the United States, torn between a good neighbor policy vis-a-vis the "American Mediterranean" imperialist tendencies and an isolationist policy in relation to the rest of the world, brought about crises in Asia and Europe in the first four decades of the twentieth century. Then, following a reversal of public opinion against the Second World War and the first attack outside U.S. territory, Pearl Harbor, the United States finally came to a consensus on an international scale, we will analyze the challenges and means used by the EU to protect their interests in the context of the Cold War. Finally, after the fall of the Soviet empire, we will focus on the multilateral and unilateral policy conducted by the EU.

The foreign policy of the United States vis-à-vis the world and the European imperial powers following, until 1941, led to the adoption of the slogan "America first." However, in order to preserve the integrity of its territory, the U.S. government will adopt a policy of primarily imperialist tendencies.

This shift of imperialism comes true in 1898 when the war in Cuba is waged by the United States against Spain. The vast majority of Americans support the war, as it is presented as a moral crusade against Spanish humanitarian and tyrannical tortures of the Cuban people and harsh repression. The United States, defending liberal values, have as their objective to capture the Cuban territory of the Spanish colonial influence. However, the circumstances and motives of the war reflect the ambiguity regarding the conduct of U.S. foreign policy. For even if they heralded a messianic objective to free the Cuban people, they do not hesitate to implement a pro-American dictator - Batista - and exploit the Cuban sugar production.

Tags: US foreign policy, defense, imperialist tendency

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