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The evolution of EU-American relationships: From obedience to independence?

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  1. Introduction.
  2. From the obedience of the Cold War to the crisis of the Iraq War.
    1. Europe as the fighting field for the two superpowers.
    2. The end of the bilateral war logic loosens EU-US links.
    3. The end of the bilateral war logic loosens EU-US links.
  3. A temporary or a structural crisis?
    1. Domestic problems in both the United States and the EU.
    2. Toward reconciliation?
    3. A still necessary relationship.
  4. Conclusion.
  5. Bibliography.

The EU-US relations were the basis upon which global institutions were built at the end of World War II, they permitted the creation of the United Nations, of the World Trade Organization, and of the North-Atlantic Treaty Organisation they forged the framework still used to regulate international relations. The US has developed diplomatic relations with Europe ever since 1953, and then it established a formal delegation to the European Communities in 1961 while a European mission was in Washington to represent it in its dealing with the US government since 1954. Founded on a strong common history, US-EU relations embodied stability and mutual assistance during the Cold War, but they appear today in jeopardy. Changes of condition in the transatlantic relationship have been a recurrent point of focus for the media over the last few years.

[...] The EU and the US are global powers and they have responsibilities toward people of others countries. Together, they represent 80% of the global aids to development and 40% of the global exchanges. The only way to assume those responsibilities is to work in cooperation and dialogue. The sharing of intelligence is essential in the fight against terrorism. Global warming can't be overcome without an agreement involving both the EU and the US. And then, the international organizations have to be reformed WTO ) and that cannot be without negotiations and mutual efforts. The strength of [...]


[...] Cold War made Europe the centre of US preoccupation and its main concern was to preserve it from any Communist invasion. However, today it assumes the EU is able to look after itself regarding peace, stability and economic prosperity; it dedicates itself to other regions of the world and being a superpower it doesn't want to bother with time-consuming dialogue with its allies. The end of the bilateral era was also the end of a special kind of EU-US relationship, which needs to readjust itself now, but that isn't well defined yet. [...]


[...] From the obedience of the Cold War to the crisis of the Iraq War During the second half of the 20th century, the EU-US relations were at the core of the international system, however, the successive modifications in the global history tended to slowly torn them apart. Europe as the fighting field for the two superpowers Caught between two superpowers determined to expand their power over each other's territory, Europe was bound to its alliance to the US. Security demanded a close cooperation, and significant crisis proved that each part saw it that way. [...]

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