Search icone
Search and publish your papers

The Grand Chessboard by Zbigniew Brzezinski

Or download with : a doc exchange

About the author


About the document

Published date
documents in English
6 pages
1 times
Validated by
0 Comment
Rate this document
  1. The US on the Grand Chessboard: the central role
    1. The US as the only global power
    2. The US must remain the only superpower
  2. The Eurasian Chessboard: Presentation of the stakes
    1. The centrality of Eurasia
    2. The pieces of the chessboard
  3. The moves on the Chessboard: how the US could remain the only global power
    1. Warding off instability
    2. Containing more stable powers

Zbigniew Brzezinski, President Carter's Security Adviser between 1977 and 1981, is currently a member of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He is also a Professor at Johns Hopkins University and used to teach at Harvard and Columbia.

?The Grand Chessboard ? American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives' was published in 1997. It is one of the most important books of international relations published after the end of the Cold War. Brzezinski's approach is different from Fukuyama's and Huntington's. According to Francis Fukuyama, the end of the Cold War is also the end of history (The End of History and the Last Man, 1992) because it generates a remarkable consensus concerning the legitimacy of liberal democracy as a system of government.

This is not the point of view of Samuel P. Huntington, who still considers the contemporary world as conflictual; instead of USA vs. USSR, it is going to be the West vs. the Islamic and Confucian world. Brzezinski does not try to describe the hypothetical new nature of international relations. His ambition is much more pragmatic.

?The defeat and collapse of the Soviet Union was the final step in the rapid ascendance of a Western Hemisphere power, the United States, as the sole and, indeed, the first truly global power []. It is imperative that no Eurasian challenger emerges, capable of dominating Eurasia and thus of also challenging America. The formulation of a comprehensive and integrated Eurasian geostrategy is therefore the purpose of this book.?

This thesis is presented in the introduction. It is then developed in six chapters. The first chapter presents the characteristics of the American hegemony, which is a ?hegemony of a new type?. The second chapter depicts ?the Eurasian chessboard?. The third chapter qualifies Western Europe as ?the democratic bridgehead?. The fourth chapter shows ?the black hole? left by the collapse of the Soviet Union. The fifth chapter presents the geopolitical stakes of ?the Eurasian Balkans?. The final chapter presents the US need for ?the Far Eastern anchor?.

Tags: Francis Fukuyama,Zbigniew Brzezinski, ?The Grand Chessboard ? American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives'

[...] But what is mostly striking in Grand Chessboard' is the way Brzezinski presents his purpose. Indeed, he clearly asserts that everything must be done to make American hegemony last as long as possible. Even if this is a widespread point of view, it is pretty rare to read it so crudely. Brzezinski does not kow-tow to ?politically correct?. This might be explained by the fact that Brzezinski refers several times to the theory of the benevolent hegemony, according to which American domination is not an evil domination. [...]

[...] Brzezinski also points out the stability insured by the US: ?America's withdrawal from the world because of the sudden emergence of a successful rival would produce massive international instability.? The US legacy to the world According to Brzezinski, ?America is not only the first, as well as the only, truly global superpower, but it is also likely to be the very last? because of the very nature of American hegemony, which permits the spreading of power because it is not dictatorial. [...]

Similar documents you may be interested in reading.

Zbigniew Brzezinski, the true choice between America and the rest of the world

 Politics & international   |  Political science   |  Case study   |  12/07/2010   |   .doc   |   5 pages

The Central Asia and new "Big game"

 Politics & international   |  Political science   |  Term papers   |  12/16/2010   |   .doc   |   3 pages

Top sold for international relations

An evaluation of constructivism as an approach to international relations theory

 Politics & international   |  International affairs   |  Presentation   |  09/29/2010   |   .doc   |   11 pages

Constructivism and intervention: The case of Kosovo

 Politics & international   |  International affairs   |  Term papers   |  11/29/2009   |   .doc   |   5 pages