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Was there ever any realistic chance of an accommodation between the United States and the People’s Republic of China in 1949/50?

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  1. Introduction.
  2. No chance of an accommodation in a bipolar world.
    1. Two ideologies completely opposed.
    2. Contradictory policies.
  3. The 'lost chance'?
    1. Early 1949: An open-ended strategy.
    2. Interests in finding an accommodation.
  4. Conclusion.
  5. Bibliography.

In early 1949, China was a nationalist country, ruled by Chiang Kai-shek and sustained by the United States. At the same time, the Chinese Communists were rebelling and ruling large parts of the country, and were constantly progressing. It was obvious that they were soon going to rule the country. As a result, the United States had to rethink its policy toward the Communists and the new regime. The victory of Chinese Communists over the Nationalists and the proclamation of the Republic of China in October 1949 shattered the vision the United States and its Western allies had had for post-war Asia. A Communist China in close proximity to US-occupied Japan, South Korea, newly independent India, the Philippines and war-torn French Indochina made the spread of communism into Asia seems to be another step in the USSR's post-war expansion like in Eastern Europe.

[...] 11) The refusal of the United States to recognize the PRC was an obstacle to diplomatic relations between the two countries and did not permit them to find any accommodation. By early 1950, the PRC wanted that the United States recognized them, as twenty-four nations had already done. This constant refusal of the United States to recognize the PRC was very unpopular not only in China but outside as well. But the United States linked this recognition with American diplomats and citizens' well- treatment. [...]

[...] Nevertheless public and Congressional opposition to an accommodation with the Communists aborted the most if his attempts of finding an accommodation. (Cohen p32-49) Attempts had been made to end the support of the Nationalist Chinese. For example, in August 1949 the White Paper declared that the Americans would stop additional involvement in China and not support the Nationalist Chinese anymore. This showed the willingness of opening the door to negotiations with the Chinese Communist leaders on the issue of recognition and, maybe, to remedy to the Mukden hostage situation (Grasso p80- 82). [...]

[...] 206) Another dispute between the People's Republic of China and the United States was the arrest and detention of the American consulate staff in Mukden by Chinese communist authorities from November 1948 to December 1949. On November the CCP forces occupied Mukden (Shenyang) and confiscated the consulate's radio transmitter. After Consul General Ward tried to prevent it, all ?U.S. citizens in Mukden were interned in their houses? (Grasso p. 58). American vainly tried to put an end to this situation. [...]

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