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What is the role of the state in international Politics?

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  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding the realist point of view on the role of the state in international politics
    1. Maximizing its national interests in order to perpetuate its life
  3. The advent of globalization and the state as the central actor in international politics
  4. Conclusion
  5. Bibliography

International Politics are based upon two main theories, Realism and Liberalism, which are conventionally opposed, and therefore give two different interpretations of world politics. This essay will focus on the stances of these theories upon the role of the state. But before assessing their viewpoints, it is crucial to understand what the state represents. Already in 1648, the Treaties of Westphalia which ended the Thirty Years War set an international society in which sovereign states possess the monopoly of force within their defined territory and behave among themselves through diplomacy and international law, implying a separation between the domestic and international spheres. The state is a ?distinct set of political institutions whose specific concern is with the organization of the domination in the name of the common interest, within a delimited territory.? Besides, Max Weber gives the most influential definition of the modern state: ?the state is a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a given territory.?

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