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Why has the UN Charter remained a central plank of international order, even though it was formulated in wartime by only a few of the victorious powers?

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  1. Introduction
  2. The charter of the United Nations
    1. It's evolution
  3. The only intergovernmental international organization
  4. The Charter and its realistic grasp of the mechanics of world affairs
  5. The reforms proposed by Kofi Annan
  6. Conclusion
  7. Bibliography

'If we had had this Charter a few years ago-and above all, the will to use it- millions now dead would be alive. If we should falter in the future in our will to use it, millions now living will surely die.' (Truman) This quotation shows the ambition the Charter has and the hope its conceivers had for it to be respected and applied... Since it has come into being it has remained a central plank of international order. In this essay, we will try to answer why it has done so, even though it was formulated in wartime and by only a few of the victorious powers. We will see that there are many reasons for this.

[...] It is also a multilateral treaty which in respect of the agreements, rights and duties it confers on its signatories and members is an important source of international law. Its genesis began in the very moment in which the collapse of the League of Nations and consequently of its Covenant became evident. The Charter was signed in San Francisco on 26 June 1945 and was ratified by fifty-one states and came into being on 24 October 1945 (known as United Nations Day). [...]

[...] It has succeeded in adapting itself in the face of political reality in an unanticipated progress which has gone far beyond what may have expected those present at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference and the San Francisco Conference and thus remains a central plank of international order. Furthermore, the United Nations is the one and only intergovernmental international organization (it is the second attempt at creating an intergovernmental organization) and it is the only international organization recognized in the whole world. [...]

[...] So, regarding the fact that only a few of the victorious power (the victorious powers in any case embodied democracy and were working for peace and not for their one interest.) where at its origin we must dispute that it was ratified by other countries afterwards. On the 25th of June 1945: 50 nations unanimously adopted the Charter. And today, the United Nations is an organization of 191 states. They all accepted it and were in no way forced to! [...]

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